Deprecated: jquery-slick is deprecated since version 2.7.0! Use Swiper instead. in /home/m88w6x763qe5/public_html/wp-includes/functions.php on line 5506

Contacts

Jyothirgamaya Foundation,
Tc 4/2628, Maathravila,
Rashmi Nagar,

Kuravankonam-Vayalikada road
Kowadiar PO, Trivandrum, Kerala 695003

Office@Jyothirgamayaindia.Org
+91 90 370 46 548

News Letter 2020-2021

News Letter 2020-2021

 

NEW YEAR, NEW ADVENTURES

A New Volunteer is here!
Mrs. Muriel Milhau, a French Volunteer, joined our ever-expanding Jyothirgamaya Family at the start of the year. Mrs. Milhau came all the way from France to be with our students, to learn from them, to learn alongside them, and to share her vast knowledge and expertise with all of us! We had many memorable moments with Mrs. Milhau, some of which occurred during our various outings with her!

Out to see some Elephants!

Mrs. Muriel took our students on a tour of the elephant sanctuary, where all our students had a marvellous experience! They watched as the elephants bathed and ate, and even got to feed the elephants! This for the blind is indeed a new concept, because they are usually not permitted to touch animals here in India. It was exciting to see them playing with the elephants with great enthusiasm, amazement and happiness! We are grateful to Muriel for offering our students this wonderful experience, and for her innovative idea!

                   

A New Year, A New Start – Inaugaration of Vocational Training Centre

Jyothirgamaya adds another feather to its cap with the launch of the new Vocational Training Centre. This center was inaugurated by Sub-collector Ms. Pranjali Patel, IAS, who is also a member of our visually impaired community. Ms. Patel is a shining example of unwavering independence and bravery. This inauguration was made possible by one of our valued donors, POWER FINANCE CORPORATION, for whose unconditional support we are eternally grateful!

                   

In order for our students to get the best facilities and access to vocational training, Jyothirgamaya has partnered up with the organisation “WE CREATE LIVES,” which works to empower people with disabilities by training them in a variety of activities! We Create Lives will be collaborating with us to train our students in a variety of
handicraft and vocational skills!

Sensitization Workshops

Our Founder and three of our students took part in the Technopark inclusive walk. The goal was to sensitize the employees about the inclusion of people with disabilities, the trans community, and other minority groups. Naveen Pande, Simon, and Nishitha, three of our students, spoke about their experiences and how they envision an inclusive environment!

                                                   

State Student  Convention Program 

Our Found er was one of the speakers at the students’ state convention  held at Government Engineering College, Barton Hill, Trivandrum, where she talked about disability, inclusion, and how students can use their technological skills for the betterment of the society, such as designing technologies and applications that are available to people with disabilities.

                                                   

O Womania! – Women’s Day

Ms. Tiffany, our founder, attended a number of Women’s Day events. Starting with Daily View, an organization that works with women who have suffered domestic abuse and other forms of gender-based violence. She also addressed the crowd at the Night Run hosted at Technopark, and also a small audience at Ambala Nagar Residence. The main highlights of Ms. Brar’s speeches were gender equality, inclusion of women with disabilities, equal pay, and her ideas on reversing gender roles.

                                                       

Road to Independence Camp – Thrissur

The Kerala Varma College in Thrissur hosted our “Road to Independence” training camp. Ms. Tiffany Brar and our team of special educators joined the pupils. The camp was packed with educational and recreational opportunities designed to inspire and broaden the horizons of our students.The key highlights of the camp were the basic management of an Android phone and the use of various apps relating to financial education. Aside from that, the students also took part in a nature walk and a cultural programme at the end of their stay. The faculty at Kerala Varma College were incredibly welcoming, and the “Disability Cell” in particular was very supportive of us and welcomed us to another camp with them!

                                                 

INK Retreat – Bangalore

Tiffany, as an INK fellow in 2019, had the chance to pitch her proposal and share her experience with the INK fraternity again at the INK retreat in Bangalore in February.

                                                                     

Our work during the Lockdown!
With the start of the Covid 19 Pandemic and the ensuing lockdown, the foundation was forced to close, and our students were forced to return to their homes, which were distributed throughout the country. Despite the fact that this was a difficult time for our students and teachers, everyone was encouraged to discover opportunities to educate themselves and become acquainted with new ways to learn in this setting.

On websites such as UNICEF Agora, Web key IT, and Coursera, the faculty and our founder enrolled in classes such as mobility training, disabilities and inclusion, and assistive technology. This additional information provided the faculty with a greater understanding of the lockdown situation and assisted the faculty in determining the best ways to reach out to the students.

           

Dragonflies Everywhere have held workshops on fundraising, branding, and NGO management for the faculty. During this time, our Founder, Ms. Tiffany, also held numerous online sensitization sessions and took some lessons on access technology for some experienced learners. We also helped the students prepare for competitive exams during this period.

We began physical classes with four students as soon as we received approval from Health Department, and we educated them in advanced coding and interpersonal skills. These students were also taught how to use online tools such as Zoom, Google Meet, MS Squad, and Google Forms.

During this period, we entered into a partnership with US Technology, a well reputed international organization, who helped us with our language and interpersonal skills training. We are very thankful to the UST team for assisting us with this initiative and for bringing about such significant positive impact on our students. Midway through the lockdown, we had two more students join us, Ramla and Sainaba, two blind sisters. Both of them had come from a very orthodox family, and despite having left their homes for the first time, they performed really well during the sessions!

With this new batch of students, we had a session with the reserve bank of India, on financial inclusion. The students were informed about their rights to financial institutions as disabled people, and the students felt more informed and confident of financial knowledge and independence, post this session.  

                                           

Our course for the year ended with the onset of Christmas. Mr Sundarlal Sundaram, one of our well-wishers, who is of the ardent belief that blind people have the right to enjoy themselves and have fun, just as their sighted counterparts, took us for an adventure trip. As part of this trip, students fished for the first time, and also went swimming under the water falls. It was extremely delightful to see the students filled with such excitement and enthusiasm.

Food Distribution during Lockdown

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a significant number of blind people, particularly those working on a daily wage basis, lost their source of income. Tiffany, our founder, was  by a couple of the individuals who had to face those unfortunate conditions, and they had requested food assistance. Ms. Tiffany reached out to twenty such families and provided them with food parcels.                                                           

THE BEGINNING OF 2021

With the beginning of the new year, we welcomed a new batch of ten students. The students were exceptionally bright and excited to learn and explore their surroundings. This time, we were joined by two little boys, Vasudev in fourth grade and his older brother Dinadev in seventh grade. Basic and advanced training in access technologies, outdoor accessibility skills, and multiple online sessions led by UST Global and other faculty at Jyothirgmaya Foundation were among the activities in which the students participated.

                                                           

Music for the Soul

We have entered into a new field, the field of music, based on the suggestions of our students. Professionals teach Tabla and Keyboard to the students twice a week. Students now have the ability to explore their skills in yet another field thanks to their exciting new suggestion and activity.

                                                                   

Reaching Out to Students

Due to the pandemic, people were unable to venture out, and reach out to us. We at Jyothirgamaya reached out to some of our students at home during these trying times, and we have included them into our residential trainings!

                                                       

Time for some Adventure!

Despite all obstacles, we were able to take our students on an all-inclusive adventure trip to a resort on the lovely island of Poovar! Our team coordinated the outing, and our students were overjoyed. The students were ecstatic to be riding motorbikes, an activity that is very rare for blind people due to all of the limitations and regulations associated with the sport. There were a variety of activities available, including a rain dance and a swimming pool. Our students’
zeal for playing in the water knows no bounds!

                                              

Achievement of the Year
Obtaining special consultative status from the UN ECOSOC (Social and Economic Council) was a landmark moment in the history of our organisation. This grants us the opportunity to attend UN conventions, share our views on disability related issues, and engage in events!

                                             

Important Thank You Note

We would like to thank the following organizations for there unhindered support to us, and we hope to continue our blossoming relationship with them:

1.Ford Foundation
2.INK Fellowship
3.We Create Lives
4.Power Finance Corporation
5.Dragonflies Everywhere
6.UST Global

Our dream is an inclusive Kerala, where blind works, enjoy, and live well. But we can only achieve this dream together, not alone! Please join hands with us in making a difference in the lives of the blind, through your volunteering, mentoring, as well as your benevolent contributions!
No donation is too small for us.
Our Bank account for Indian donors
Account Name: Jyothirgamaya foundation,
Account no: 6811567978
Account type: Current, IFSC: KKBK0000594,
Branch: Vellayambalam
Name of the bank: Kotak Mahindra Bank, Vellayambalam
Our FCRA account for foreign donors
Our FCRA account opening is still in process.
By making donations to Jyothirgamaya you are eligible for tax exemption under section 80G
of Income Tax Act 1961

NEWS LETTER-2019

 

JYOTHIRGAMAYA FOUNDATION

Dear friends, well-wishers and supporters,

Hearty greetings from Jyothirgamaya! 

Welcome to our newsletter of 2019

Since our last newsletter, we have been on a more interesting and innovative journey with a wide range of unique activities, including migration to our new premises!

With all your care, support and blessings, Jyothirgamaya continues to climb higher and higher up the ladder of success!

Residential training course

The New Year greets us, with the   start of our    14th residential training course with five students,Four from Kerala and one from Maharashtra. During These batch students were taught basic computing, mobility and communicative English.

Arrival of new volunteer

On the 17th of January, we witnessed the arrival of a new family member in to our family of Jyothirgamaya,”Salome” all the way from Germany! She is a professional social worker with previous experience in Africa, which played a vital role in her work with us. She brought a memorable transformation in the outlook of the students, through her communicative English classes, theatre arts and also   through her creative games!

The relocation

Our organization sees yet another milestone! With an idea of embarking on a new venture Jyothirgamaya Pre-school for blind, the first of its kind in India. We decided to relocate to a more spacious building. Our current building is now in a better more centralized location with ample space for the residential training course, as well as the pre-school.

Fifteenth residential training programme

The month of June, saw the commencement of our fifteenth empowerment residential training programme at our new premises! A whole new atmosphere and a classroom full of nine energetic students of all ages. The students immediately plunged in to a series of activities such as mobility training, ICT, interpersonal skills and regular Yoga classes. To our students.

HellenKeller day celebration

On this   great day, we   conducted an awareness session about the noble soul Helen Keller, who herself being deaf and blind, made her mark in society, and is a model for all people with and without disabilities. After which all students were taken on a fun trip to the Shanghamugham beach,Where they not only swam in the ocean, but also had an experience of horse riding, which was a take away, and also a joy for each of them.

International Yoga day

This Yoga day in particular was a memorable occasion for us, as it paved the way for a new partnership with Yoga association and Uma’s nutriyoga. We had a fully-fledged session with all our students and the members of these two organizations. We are also pleased to introduce our new Yoga faculty MR Jayprakash who now teaches Yoga regularly.

Inauguration of new centre

 The 19th July, marks a new beginning for us!

The inauguration of our preparatory school and new training centre. The occasion was presided over by our Honourable Minister K Shailaja Teacher and the special secretary social justice Shri. Biju Prabhakar IAS On this note, we also released our Jyothirgamaya theme song” Theliyunnu Jwalayi” whose meaning, is in line with our organizational work. The song was composed by a young budding musician Rahul Mohandas and Sajiv Singh on the vocals. Our students also displayed a spectacular cultural programme with song, dance and drama.  Many of our well-wishers were present.

Initiation of extra curricula activities

“All work and no play, makes jack a dull boy”!

Our students   delightfully took part in a chess competition, organized my Marbecillious College of engineering!

Though our students played chess at the centre with our access technology trainer who is also a renowned chess player for the first time they had the experience of a real competition!

Self defence

Self defence session was organized for the girls exclusively by the college for our girls, so as to empower them, and enable them to defend themselves at any situation!

 A unique independence day

 15th august, which is our day of independence, marks yet another new beginning at Jyothirgamaya.  Our students were initiated in to vocational training, and handicraft work. Not all can sit in front of a computer, and become an IT expert! People have varied passions, and at Jyothirgamaya we try to respect all passions, ad steer our students towards their passions! Along with an organization. “We Create Lives “at the Trivandrum polio home our students learned dream catcher making, flower and candle making.

Saying goodbye to this energetic batch!

Sadly as the proverb says “all good things must come to an end”, the month saw the successful winding up of our batch.  The students take their certificates with immense and enter in to the big wide world. One of them Harisree, a young high spirited girl enters the work force in a call centre in Cochin!

Sensitization programmes

We all know that there are still many, who need yet to be educated about the capabilities of persons with disabilities and who also need a spark of new fire in their lives and a new motivation! We at Jyothirgamaya believe in this, and conduct sensitization sessions whenever possible.

Second dine in the dark programme

Jyothirgamaya conducts its second dine in the dark programme, in collaboration with Inner wheel club of Cochin.   The    programme was attended by almost seventy people and was covered by many Media channels. It was indeed a unique experience for all members, as they were guided inside the hall, by our students, and taken on the new experience of identifying and eating their meal in the kark. Songs were sung, and our students told their life stories, how they were and how Jyothirgamaya changed their lives.

Our theme song was also played in the background, which was appreciated by all the guests, as its lyrics are in line with our work.  It was thrilling experience to hear our students singing along to the melodious music!  We are indeed proud and grateful to those who made this beautiful song for us!  

Kitchen Trivandrum

An event held every month sponsored by Federal bank, similar to TED talks where eminent officials and change makers come together and share their thoughts on how change can be effective. Tiffany Brar was invited along with the Jyothirgamaya team consisting of our budding student Aneesh, Mr. Balaraman, Access Technology Trainer and Mrs.Aruna our Administrator. They all took the audience through their journeys as blind people, accessibility of computer android phones how the blind can be useful and not useless and much more!

Walk for inclusion

Yet another milestone in Jyothirgamaya, in sensitizing the government as well as the public, the first programmes of its kind our walk for inclusion!

This was in collaboration with the students of LBS Engineering College, as part of their college fest, for a social cause. We walked from Maniyamvithi to Kanakakunnu palace and the walk was graced by our eminent Special Secretary of Social Justice Shri. Biju Prabhakar,IAS who is an ardent admirer of Jyothirgamaya and its work.

                                               

Women’s day programmes

As International Women’s Day, is one of the most important days and as our Founder is a woman, many organizations and companies   long to hear her experience and personal struggle as a woman with a disability, and her views on gender equality.

She was invited to a number of organizations this year Hutko, a central government for sharing her experiences and shedding light on gender equality in government sector, the government secretariat, for emphasizing on the same. At this programme all employees were quite disinterested in the beginning, but Tiffany succeeded to captivate the audience through her oratory skills, role plays and examples. She was also invited to eminent companies such as IBS, Invest Net, as well as Nisan Private Limited. At all these places she shed light  on the  aspect of how gender roles should change starting from the home itself, moving on the textbooks and  subsequently at the workplace, stressing upon equal wages for both men and women and support for women during maternity and equal shifts day and night for both genders

Infosys

Tiffany was indeed honoured to have been invited as the keynote speaker for the infuses belated women’s day celebration.Here too she spoke on a variety of topics gender related captivating the audience. She was privileged to have IAS Asha Thomas, as a fellow speaker who too gave very good views on gender equality.

Innovation camp for youth with disabilities

Jyothirgamaya actively participated in the state government project innovation camp for youth with disabilities organization by national institute of speech and hearing along with Kerala innovation strategic council. Our participants trained the catalysts in Mobility, accessibility, and also gave insightful answers to their questions on how blind people live a well grounded life and the challenges they face, and also how they get around technologically and about their white-canes.

Responsible tourism

Our founder played an active role in the declaration which was made on 4thMarch at Mascot hotel by the Kerala tourism department for responsible tourism, and making touristic places accessible for persons with disabilities by giving her inputs on how such places can be made disable friendly.

Indian Medical Association Camp

Our Founder gave a small exciting sensitization session to the kids who attended the summer camp, organized by the Indian Medical Association under the president ship of Dr.Anupama.

Kerala Social Security Mission Talent Search Camp

Tiffany along with her team consisting of Mano, Educational Coordinator and a MBA intern Ms. Amala Thomas, conducted ice breaking sessions and rights awareness sessions for the blind participants of the Kerala Social Security Mission Talent Search Camp.She was surprised to find many students had budding inner talent and had allot of potential and she urged them to go further in life and to make maximum use of their rights.

PMI Trivandrum

Tiffany Brar was invited as the key note speaker for “The Regional Conference of the Kerala Chapter” for the project management institute. She shed light upon the importance of inclusion in project management and also about including persons with disabilities in the leadership roles and roles of project managers.

Pranathi Women’s Programme

Tiffany along with her educational coordinator Mano participated in the Mother’s Day Celebration of the Pranathi Women’s Group of which she is a   prominent member.  She was the main guest along with Theertha Nirmal who is hearing impaired and who also runs as.

Christ Nagar School Interaction with our students

We at Jyothirgamaya, don’t like to limit our students to themselves, we wish for them to explore the world, and interact with the sighted population! We regularly welcome school and college students as well as people from different walks of life to visit, interact, and eventually enter the Jyothirgamaya family! We had a fruitful interaction with the students of the higher secondary level of Christ Nagar School. We all sang, laughed, they asked questions about our live, and how we cope with our challenges, and also about accessibility software, ETC. We also partook in tea and snacks together.

Interaction with UST global

We are pleased to welcome the members of one of Trivandrum’s most prestigious international companies as a part of our Jyothirgamaya Family, UST Global.  We had a fruitful interaction with its members, who took an interpersonal skill session for our students, and answered their queries about life skills, and employment in private sector.

Sensitization session at NISH

National institute for speech and hearing invites us for a sensitization session. Here the hearing and visually impaired students exchanged notes, and there was a short interaction.

Giridhar Eye institute “Eyek 2019

Our founder was the chief guest along with a young budding musician for the annual day of Giridhar eye institute of optometry. She delivered the keynote address, where she spoke about the way of handling people with visual impairment.

Student’s induction programme Providence College Chenganoor

Our founder conducted the   inaugural address for the students induction programme, urging and motivating them to go ahead with life with an inner zest, and radiance. She also highlighted upon disability, and how people with disabilities live, and how these engineering students, can use their technology as a tool to create social good and accessibility for people with disabilities.

Women economic forum

Our founder participated as a speaker at the women economic forum, at IIM Kozhikode, along with many other eminent ladies in the   field of social, as well as business entrepreneurship.  She spoke about her challenges, and how to be the change.

                                                     

Onam celebration at Rajiv Gandhi Foundation Alapuzha

Our founder was invited as the guest of honour for the Onam celebration of the Rajiv Gandhi Foundation, a philanthropic organization working for the welfare of financially weaker students, cancer patients, and old people. She gave an insightful talk on social work, and the importance of helping others, and thanked the foundation for its good work in this field.

Spindle Award

The month of October saw yet another leap for Jyothirgamay.An international recognition. “The Spindle award”. Our founder along with our access technology trainer MR P Balaraman, went to the Netherlands for an inclusion week, the NOW US, nothing about us without us! Among 162 organizations ours was selected as one of the top ten inclusive initiatives, and we got the second prize!

Residential training batch

 Buzzing like busy bees, our students of the sixteenth batch!  Classes go one as usual, with a spark to the fire, our long awaited inclusive adventure tour to Thenmala with our adventurous well-wisher MR .Sundarlal Sundaram.

All students had fun, and plunged in to a number of   adventure sports, such as rope riding, rope climbing boating and allot more! The tour was attended by 20 students old and new from across the state and it was a wonderful time of adventure, freedom, fun and inclusion!

 

We thank you all for sparing your time  and travelling  with us on our journey of activities, and hope to bring allot more change, transformation and  change in the next year.

Our dream is an inclusive Kerala, where blind works, enjoy, and live well.

But we can only achieve this dream   together, not alone!

 Please join hands with us in making a difference in the lives of the blind, through your volunteering, mentoring, as well as your benevolent contributions!

 No donation is too small for us.

 

Enar Logo

 

Jyothirgamaya Song

Jyothirgamaya Theme Music

Music: Rahul Mohandas

Vocal:Sajeev Singh

Lyrics:Sandra Parameshwaran

NEWS LETTER -2018

Jyothirgamaya Foundation

                                                

Dear friends and well-wishers, Hearty greetings from Jyothirgamaya!

Welcome to the newsletter of Jyothirgamaya Foundation for July,2018 to October,2018.

Dear friends, supporters, and well-wishers of Jyothirgamaya! We send you warm Greetings, from Jyothirgamaya Foundation, yet again! Since our last newsletter, we have been on a more interesting and innovative journey, with a wide range of unique activities, with a number of wonderful, energetic and vibrant souls.
With all your care, support and blessings, Jyothirgamaya continues to climb higher and higher up the ladder of success!

Meeting with Emirates

During the month of May, Jyothirgamaya entered in to a dialogue with Emirates airline, one of the most prominent international airlines, on making traveling by air more accessible, and barrier free for persons with visual impairment, and how to take care of them in times of emergency. A meeting was held to discuss these points, and Jyothirgamaya Foundation sensitized the employees and stakeholders.

Media programme

Our founder was interviewed by the famous anchor Dhanya Varma, for Kerala’s most prominent shows “The Happiness Project” on Kappa TV. The programme had a unique beginning, an eye-opener to the audience. Tiffany giving the anchor a glimpse of the world of the blind, by serving her a meal in the dark! This was followed by Tiffany’s interview, where she expressed her happiness without sight, and her positivity in her work, and what keeps her going this way.

                                                                

Empowerment Programme

Just as we empower and train others, it is also important to keep our skills up to date, and our energy levels balanced, this can be done by attending some training programmes and getting empowered. Tiffany, our founder attended “The Wild Training Programme” at Srilanka, held by the Mobility International Use, an organization promoting leadership among women. 

                                           

Twelfth Batch

The month of June greets us with our twelfth multicultural batch of students. Two students from Nepal, and three from Kerala. They were taught orientation &mobility, basic and advanced computing. Adesh and Saugath our Nepali students did exceptionally well in computers and even reached the level of installation of software and basic HTML. This batch also saw some new techniques in adapted physical education. We had two brief visiting well-wishers all the way from Australia. Sarah Nelson, and her partner Linzy, who are also Yoga experts. They introduced our students to Acro yoga, which they enjoyed a lot, and which also enabled them to realize that there are no barriers for blind people.

We also had a young energetic volunteer, probably our youngest, Mayurika ninth standard, enthusiastic socially committed student from Dubai, who played a vital role in integrating our students to the outside world, helping them with their English and motivating them.

                                       

Barrier Free Tourism

“Hellen Keller Day” marks the beginning of a new initiative in the state Kerala, of which our organization is a part of barrier free tourism. The government introduced a new initiative of barrier free tourism and making all tourist places barrier free in the state of Kerala, where tourism and travel is most popular. Our founder along with many eminent persons in the disability field gave her inputs on how temples, museums and other places can be made accessible, for instance introducing ramps instead of ramps in the beaches, audio toilets in public places, accessible rooms in hotels, etc.

Inclusive activities

Our founder actively participated in “The National Consultation for Inclusive and Accessible Elections” at Delhi during the month of July and gave her valuable inputs to make elections free, fair and accessible to persons with visual impairment and initiate Braille election ID cards and also to include persons with disabilities in political process.

                                         

National Centre for Promotion of Employment for Disabled People (NCPEDP)

Our founder also actively participated representing her state at “The National Consultation on the Implementation of the Rights for Persons with Disabilities Act “during the same month at the capital.

                                           

Production of 1000 Accessible Rolling Ball White cane for the Blind

We had initially raised funds in order to produce the raw materials for making the rolling balls, rubber grips and white cane we have now produced a hundred sample rolling tip white canes, which have successfully been tested by visually impaired people, and now we are in the attempt to produce one thousand such white canes, and distribute them to as many blind people as possible within India.

Sensitization Programmes on

a) Inaccessible currencies

Tiffany was invited to enlighten the officials of “SBI Foundation” and “Reserve Bank of India”, about the difficulties faced by persons with visual impairment with respect to the present currency notes, the inability to identify them and the lack of financial privacy and the inconvenience and exploitation it leads to. She also enlightened them about the inaccessible ATMs and banking applications, and appealed them to find suitable solutions to make banking more disabled friendly and also to make currency easily identifiable as earlier.

                                               

b) Plight of persons with disabilities

Tiffany attempts to pull of the wool over the eyes of the elite children of the Vivek High School, Chandigarh by giving them an awareness session on the plight of persons with disabilities, how to treat them, behave with them and how to integrate them and treat them as they would treat themselves. She also highlighted on the fact that these children were far more fortunate than many others and that they should never miss an opportunity to help someone else in need, cash, kind, words, or even a smile.

                                                         

c) Gender Equality

Our founder being a woman with disability is an ardent believer of gender equality and women empowerment. She actively participates in “The Vande Keralam Event” which advocates for gender equality. One of Kerala’s most famous Radio Jackie and social activist Kidilam Firoz, goes on a three hunger strike and is handcuffed this he does to promote gender equality. He travels across Trivandrum, to collect the voices of women and girls tucked away in the nooks and corners of the state and also of college and school girls and makes their problems known to the government. Here Tiffany gives her opinions on gender equality, and also highlights the difficulties being faced by women with disabilities and how the society can change their attitude.

                                           

Flood relief work

Jyothirgamaya actively plays its role in helping Kerala in the time of natural calamity by traveling from door to door collecting necessary items and sending to a tribal colony in Wayanadu.

                                         

Onam celebration and audio library inauguration

The beginning of September brings Jyothirgamaya to the inauguration of a new project an audio library. Jyothirgamaya celebrates Onam with the students of economics department of Government Women’s College and also inaugurates its new audio library, with an aim to make reading material accessible to blind people in all possible formats. New clothes (Onnakkodi) were also distributed to the Jyothirgamaya students by the women’s college. We had almost twenty of our students and more than forty students from the women’s college. A short cultural programme was also conducted with active participation of all students and staff of Jyothirgamaya and women’s college and our old friend Samuel from Germany, who had just arrived. This marks the symbol of integration and oneness between blind and sighted. This was also followed by an elaborate Sadhya sponsored by a north Indian family living in Kerala.

             

Batch 13

This month also brings to us our students of the 13th batch. With two high spirited girls from Raipur and Mumbai, and four students from Kerala. Many different activities were introduced during this batch in fact it is one of the most unique batches in the history of our organization. The students instantly plunged in to the intense learning of access technology, which they were not at all acquainted to before, they learned how to use a cane, they visited the museum, which was made accessible to us by the officials, and also went on many interesting adventure trips to a waterfall, beach and much more!

             

As a part of recreation an entertainment our access technology trainer Balarman sir, taught the students the unique art of chess, which is a prominent sport practiced by the blind. Our friend and volunteer Samuel also used his creativity to the fullest by making a wooden Ludo game for the students too, which they play quite frequently in the evenings along with chess. During this batch we also have three more new members in the Jyothirgamaya Family, Anna from Canada, Lena from Germany and Julie from Belgium. Each of these volunteers has their own unique specialties and expertise to offer to our students. Theatre and body expression is introduced by Julie, new applications with regards to IOS and android are introduced by Anna, and art and craft is introduced in a small way by Lena. The students start by making small bead bracelets and plastic flower vases. A workshop on intercultural dialogue to introduce a healthy intercultural exchange and broaden our students intercultural knowledge is also conducted with these three energetic dedicates volunteers.

             

Training and empowerment

The Jyothirgamaya team comprising of Tiffany, Balaraman sir and Samuel, attend an echolocation workshop conducted by world access for the blind at the NAB India center Delhi, under Jyothirgamaya’s coordination. They learn the basics of echolocation and will soon impart it at a further level.

                                                     

Media

Tiffany Brar, our founder got yet another opportunity to spread her wings at national level, through “India’s best Dramebaz”, a well known children’s programme on Zee TV. Here two exceptionally talented children enacted Tiffany’s life story and Tiffany felicitated them and also spoke about her life and the challenges faced by the blind. She received appreciation from the famous Hollywood actor Vivek Oberoi and also was presented with “The Real Hero Award”.

                                               

Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)

Our founder delivered a sensitization session for the employees of Central Industrial Security Force (CISF). She spoke about stress management and also highlighted on the fact of how they should behave with persons with visual impairment and physical impairment in airport while escorting and helping them.

                                           

Awareness session on importance of accessibility

Tiffany Brar gave the keynote address at a disability studies seminar conducted by the English department of Panampali Government College, Chalakudi where she spoke on accessibility and the importance of making study materials accessible for visually impaired persons.

                                             

Women Empowerment Programme

Jyothirgamaya yet again initiates a new project, women empowerment workshops for blind women and girls. Our first camp in this project was conducted at Sri Kerala Varma College, Thrissur. Sessions were conducted in reproductive health, orientation mobility, android use and accessible banking applications.

                               

Pinkathon and white cane awareness

Pinkathon day was celebrated on 21st October as awareness against breast cancer and also as a symbol of women empowerment. More than four hundred women participated in this programme, including Tiffany, our founder. This was followed by a white cane awareness walk, where a few of the women were blindfolded and made to walk with a white cane. They were guided by our young radiant visually impaired girls Jeelu and Muskan. This was a totally new experience for them and gave them a glimpse of the life of the blind and how they can do their day to day things. It filled the atmosphere with a mixture of feelings and positive energy.

                                                   

Wild Women Workshop

Jyothirgamya conducts its first ever cross disability women leadership workshop WILD women institute of leadership and disability, in collaboration with Mobility International USA. The workshop was conducted on November 25th with twenty women of all disabilities at the Winsor Rajadhani. The workshop comprised of different sessions on a variety of subjects pertaining to women well -being.

             

Adventure Trips Thenamala

Jyothirgmaya had its yearly inclusive tour to Thenmala ecotourism place and Kuttallam waterfalls with one of our benevolent well wishers and adventure lovers Mr. Sundarlal Sundaram.

It was a two day tour with a lot of adventure and unique experiences such as water balloons, rope riding, rope climbing and much more. The students also had an opportunity to try their hands at poetry too, and on the hole it was a unique experience for all.

                                       

Hellen Keller Award

Tiffany Brar received her second National Award for her exemplary work towards empowering persons with disabilities ,ensuring inclusiveness, equality and being a role model on 3rd of December,2018 on the occasion of International Day of Persons with Disabilities . She received HELLEN KELLER award from Dr.Sathyapal Singh, Honorable Minister of State for Human Resource Development, Government of India. which was organized by National Centre for Promotion of Employment for Disabled People (NCPEDP) .

                                                   

Jyothirgamaya in Media

To watch please click the hyperlink

Support us

Jyothirgamaya looks forward to let its shine in all directions and make that difference everyone needed, to spread that fire & spice and spread smile on the face that are wary and sad!

We urge to bring the blind out and make the world receptive to them.

This we can only do if you join hands with us, energies with us and support us. you may feel free to get involved with us, by volunteering or donating.

Be a volunteer Apply now

Mobility International workshop

Mobility International USA

Women Institute of leadership and disabilities mobility international USA regional leadership programme exclusive for women with disabilities.Jyothirgamaya actively participates in this amazing international women’s empowerment program where women with disabilities from across the globe come together and are trained in advocacy, self-defense, reproductive health

TEDx Kodaikanal International

TEDx Kodaikanal International

Tiffany gave Yet another fiery, TEDx talk at Kodaikanal International School. The main theme was how challenges are a catalyst for change/greatness. She spoke about her challenges, and how they led her to serve her community, and stand with them on the same page, rather than using the age-old sympathetic approach.

State award for a documentary about Tiffany’s Life

Kerala State Award for documentary about Tiffany's Life

The documentary about Tiffany Brar’s Life directed by Mr.Thamban received Kerala State Award for its inner message to create social change, dedicate our life for humanity, and to be an asset to society despite disabilities and challenges. It was screened at the international children’s film festival all the young people present were touched and deeply inspired Jyothirgamaya

THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES ACT, 2016

THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES ACT, 2016
(NO. 49 OF 2016)
[27th December, 2016]An Act to give effect to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of
Persons with Disabilities and for matters connected therewith or incidental
thereto.
WHEREAS the United Nations General Assembly adopted its Convention on the Rights
of Persons with Disabilities on the 13th day of December, 2006;
AND WHEREAS the aforesaid Convention lays down the following principles for
empowerment of persons with disabilities,—
(a) respect for inherent dignity, individual autonomy including the freedom to
make one’s own choices, and independence of persons;
(b) non-discrimination;
(c) full and effective participation and inclusion in society;
(d) respect for difference and acceptance of persons with disabilities as part of
human diversity and humanity;
jftLVªh lañ Mhñ ,yñ—(,u)04@0007@2003—16
vlk/kkj.k
EXTRAORDINARY
Hkkx II — [k.M 1
PART II — Section 1
izkf/kdkj ls izdkf’kr
PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY
lañ 59] ubZ fnYyh] cq/kokj] fnlEcj 28] 2016@ikS”k 07] 1938 ¼’kd½
No. 59] NEW DELHI, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 28, 2016/PAUSHA 07, 1938 (SAKA)
bl Hkkx esa fHkUu i`”B la[;k nh tkrh gS ftlls fd ;g vyx ladyu ds :i esa j[kk tk ldsA
Separate paging is given to this Part in order that it may be filed as a separate compilation.
MINISTRY OF LAW AND JUSTICE
(Legislative Department)
New Delhi, the 28th December, 2016/Pausha 17, 1938 (Saka)
The following Act of Parliament received the assent of the President on the
27th December, 2016, and is hereby published for general information:—
REGISTERED NO. DL—(N)04/0007/2003—16
2 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
(e) equality of opportunity;
(f) accessibility;
(g) equality between men and women;
(h) respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities and respect
for the right of children with disabilities to preserve their identities;
AND WHEREAS India is a signatory to the said Convention;
AND WHEREAS India ratified the said Convention on the 1st day of October, 2007;
AND WHEREAS it is considered necessary to implement the Convention aforesaid.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-seventh Year of the Republic of India as
follows:—
CHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY

  1. (1) This Act may be called the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.
    (2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification
    in the Official Gazette, appoint.
  2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—
    (a) “appellate authority” means an authority notified under sub-section (3) of
    section 14 or sub-section (1) of section 53 or designated under sub-section (1) of
    section 59, as the case may be;
    (b) “appropriate Government” means,—
    (i) in relation to the Central Government or any establishment wholly or
    substantially financed by that Government, or a Cantonment Board constituted
    under the Cantonments Act, 2006, the Central Government;
    (ii) in relation to a State Government or any establishment, wholly or
    substantially financed by that Government, or any local authority, other than a
    Cantonment Board, the State Government.
    (c) “barrier’’ means any factor including communicational, cultural, economic,
    environmental, institutional, political, social, attitudinal or structural factors which
    hampers the full and effective participation of persons with disabilities in society;
    (d) “care-giver” means any person including parents and other family Members
    who with or without payment provides care, support or assistance to a person with
    disability;
    (e) “certifying authority” means an authority designated under sub-section (1)
    of section 57;
    (f) “communication” includes means and formats of communication, languages,
    display of text, Braille, tactile communication, signs, large print, accessible multimedia,
    written, audio, video, visual displays, sign language, plain-language, human-reader,
    augmentative and alternative modes and accessible information and communication
    technology;
    (g) “competent authority” means an authority appointed under section 49;
    (h) “discrimination” in relation to disability, means any distinction, exclusion,
    restriction on the basis of disability which is the purpose or effect of impairing or
    nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise on an equal basis with others of all
    human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil
    or any other field and includes all forms of discrimination and denial of reasonable
    accommodation;
    Short title and
    commencement.
    Definitions.
    41 of 2006.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 3
    (i) “establishment” includes a Government establishment and private
    establishment;
    (j) “Fund” means the National Fund constituted under section 86;
    (k) “Government establishment” means a corporation established by or under a
    Central Act or State Act or an authority or a body owned or controlled or aided by the
    Government or a local authority or a Government company as defined in section 2 of
    the Companies Act, 2013 and includes a Department of the Government;
    (l) “high support” means an intensive support, physical, psychological and
    otherwise, which may be required by a person with benchmark disability for daily
    activities, to take independent and informed decision to access facilities and
    participating in all areas of life including education, employment, family and community
    life and treatment and therapy;
    (m) “inclusive education” means a system of education wherein students with
    and without disability learn together and the system of teaching and learning is suitably
    adapted to meet the learning needs of different types of students with disabilities;
    (n) “information and communication technology” includes all services and
    innovations relating to information and communication, including telecom services,
    web based services, electronic and print services, digital and virtual services;
    (o) “institution” means an institution for the reception, care, protection, education,
    training, rehabilitation and any other activities for persons with disabilities;
    (p) “local authority” means a Municipality or a Panchayat, as defined in clause (e)
    and clause (f) of article 243P of the Constitution; a Cantonment Board constituted
    under the Cantonments Act, 2006; and any other authority established under an Act
    of Parliament or a State Legislature to administer the civic affairs;
    (q) “notification” means a notification published in the Official Gazette and the
    expression “notify” or “notified” shall be construed accordingly;
    (r) “person with benchmark disability” means a person with not less than forty
    per cent. of a specified disability where specified disability has not been defined in
    measurable terms and includes a person with disability where specified disability has
    been defined in measurable terms, as certified by the certifying authority;
    (s) “person with disability” means a person with long term physical, mental,
    intellectual or sensory impairment which, in interaction with barriers, hinders his full
    and effective participation in society equally with others;
    (t) “person with disability having high support needs” means a person with
    benchmark disability certified under clause (a) of sub-section (2) of section 58 who
    needs high support;
    (u) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
    (v) “private establishment” means a company, firm, cooperative or other society,
    associations, trust, agency, institution, organisation, union, factory or such other
    establishment as the appropriate Government may, by notification, specify;
    (w) “public building” means a Government or private building, used or accessed
    by the public at large, including a building used for educational or vocational purposes,
    workplace, commercial activities, public utilities, religious, cultural, leisure or recreational
    activities, medical or health services, law enforcement agencies, reformatories or judicial
    foras, railway stations or platforms, roadways bus stands or terminus, airports or
    waterways;
    (x) “public facilities and services” includes all forms of delivery of services to
    the public at large, including housing, educational and vocational trainings, employment
    41 of 2006.
    18 of 2013.
    4 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    and career advancement, shopping or marketing, religious, cultural, leisure or
    recreational, medical, health and rehabilitation, banking, finance and insurance,
    communication, postal and information, access to justice, public utilities, transportation;
    (y) “reasonable accommodation” means necessary and appropriate modification
    and adjustments, without imposing a disproportionate or undue burden in a particular
    case, to ensure to persons with disabilities the enjoyment or exercise of rights equally
    with others;
    (z) “registered organisation” means an association of persons with disabilities
    or a disabled person organisation, association of parents of persons with disabilities,
    association of persons with disabilities and family members, or a voluntary or
    non-governmental or charitable organisation or trust, society, or non-profit company
    working for the welfare of the persons with disabilities, duly registered under an Act of
    Parliament or a State Legislature;
    (za) “rehabilitation” refers to a process aimed at enabling persons with disabilities
    to attain and maintain optimal, physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological
    environmental or social function levels;
    (zb) “Special Employment Exchange” means any office or place established and
    maintained by the Government for the collection and furnishing of information, either
    by keeping of registers or otherwise, regarding—
    (i) persons who seek to engage employees from amongst the persons with
    disabilities;
    (ii) persons with benchmark disability who seek employment;
    (iii) vacancies to which persons with benchmark disabilities seeking
    employment may be appointed;
    (zc) “specified disability” means the disabilities as specified in the Schedule;
    (zd) “transportation systems” includes road transport, rail transport, air transport,
    water transport, para transit systems for the last mile connectivity, road and street
    infrastructure, etc.;
    (ze) “universal design” means the design of products, environments, programmes
    and services to be usable by all people to the greatest extent possible, without the
    need for adaptation or specialised design and shall apply to assistive devices including
    advanced technologies for particular group of persons with disabilities.
    CHAPTER II
    RIGHTS AND ENTITLEMENTS
  3. (1) The appropriate Government shall ensure that the persons with disabilities
    enjoy the right to equality, life with dignity and respect for his or her integrity equally with
    others.
    (2) The appropriate Government shall take steps to utilise the capacity of persons
    with disabilities by providing appropriate environment.
    (3) No person with disability shall be discriminated on the ground of disability, unless
    it is shown that the impugned act or omission is a proportionate means of achieving a
    legitimate aim.
    (4) No person shall be deprived of his or her personal liberty only on the ground of
    disability.
    (5) The appropriate Government shall take necessary steps to ensure reasonable
    accommodation for persons with disabilities.
    Equality and
    nondiscrimination.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 5
  4. (1) The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall take measures to
    ensure that the women and children with disabilities enjoy their rights equally with others.
    (2) The appropriate Government and local authorities shall ensure that all children with
    disabilities shall have right on an equal basis to freely express their views on all matters
    affecting them and provide them appropriate support keeping in view their age and disability.”.
  5. (1) The persons with disabilities shall have the right to live in the community.
    (2) The appropriate Government shall endeavour that the persons with disabilities
    are,—
    (a) not obliged to live in any particular living arrangement; and
    (b) given access to a range of in-house, residential and other community support
    services, including personal assistance necessary to support living with due regard to
    age and gender.
  6. (1) The appropriate Government shall take measures to protect persons with
    disabilities from being subjected to torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.
    (2) No person with disability shall be a subject of any research without,—
    (i) his or her free and informed consent obtained through accessible modes,
    means and formats of communication; and
    (ii) prior permission of a Committee for Research on Disability constituted in the
    prescribed manner for the purpose by the appropriate Government in which not less
    than half of the Members shall themselves be either persons with disabilities or Members
    of the registered organisation as defined under clause (z) of section 2.
  7. (1) The appropriate Government shall take measures to protect persons with
    disabilities from all forms of abuse, violence and exploitation and to prevent the same,
    shall—
    (a) take cognizance of incidents of abuse, violence and exploitation and provide
    legal remedies available against such incidents;
    (b) take steps for avoiding such incidents and prescribe the procedure for its
    reporting;
    (c) take steps to rescue, protect and rehabilitate victims of such incidents; and
    (d) create awareness and make available information among the public.
    (2) Any person or registered organisation who or which has reason to believe that an
    act of abuse, violence or exploitation has been, or is being, or is likely to be committed
    against any person with disability, may give information about it to the Executive Magistrate
    within the local limits of whose jurisdiction such incidents occur.
    (3) The Executive Magistrate on receipt of such information, shall take immediate
    steps to stop or prevent its occurrence, as the case may be, or pass such order as he deems
    fit for the protection of such person with disability including an order—
    (a) to rescue the victim of such act, authorising the police or any organisation
    working for persons with disabilities to provide for the safe custody or rehabilitation
    of such person, or both, as the case may be;
    (b) for providing protective custody to the person with disability, if such person
    so desires;
    (c) to provide maintenance to such a person with a disability.
    (4) Any police officer who receives a complaint or otherwise comes to know of abuse,
    violence or exploitation towards any person with disability shall inform the aggrieved person
    of—
    Women and children with disabilities. Community life.
    Protection from cruelty and inhuman treatment. Protection from abuse,
    violence and exploitation.
    6 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    Protection and
    safety.
    (a) his or her right to apply for protection under sub-section (2) and the particulars
    of the Executive Magistrate having jurisdiction to provide assistance;
    (b) the particulars of the nearest organisation or institution working for the
    rehabilitation of persons with disabilities;
    (c) the right to free legal aid; and
    (d) the right to file a complaint under the provisions of this Act or any other law
    dealing with such offence:
    Provided that nothing in this section shall be construed in any manner as to relieve
    the police officer from his duty to proceed in accordance with law upon receipt of the information
    as to the commission of a cognizable offence.
    (5) If the Executive Magistrate finds that the alleged act or behaviour constitutes an
    an offence under the Indian Penal Code, or under any other law for the time being in force, he
    may forward the complaint to that effect to the Judicial or Metropolitan Magistrate, as the
    case may be, having jurisdiction in the matter.
  8. (1) The persons with disabilities shall have equal protection and safety in situations
    of risk, armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies and natural disasters.
    (2) The National Disaster Management Authority and the State Disaster Management
    Authority shall take appropriate measures to ensure inclusion of persons with disabilities in
    its disaster management activities as defined under clause (e) of section 2 of the Disaster
    Management Act, 2005 for the safety and protection of persons with disabilities.
    (3) The District Disaster Management Authority constituted under section 25 of the
    Disaster Management Act, 2005 shall maintain record of details of persons with disabilities in
    the district and take suitable measures to inform such persons of any situations of risk so as
    to enhance disaster preparedness.
    (4) The authorities engaged in reconstruction activities subsequent to any situation
    of risk, armed conflict or natural disasters shall undertake such activities, in consultation
    with the concerned State Commissioner, in accordance with the accessibility requirements of
    persons with disabilities.
  9. (1) No child with disability shall be separated from his or her parents on the ground
    of disability except on an order of competent court, if required, in the best interest of the
    child.
    (2) Where the parents are unable to take care of a child with disability, the competent
    court shall place such child with his or her near relations, and failing that within the community
    in a family setting or in exceptional cases in shelter home run by the appropriate Government
    or non-governmental organisation, as may be required.
  10. (1) The appropriate Government shall ensure that persons with disabilities have
    access to appropriate information regarding reproductive and family planning.
    (2) No person with disability shall be subject to any medical procedure which leads to
    infertility without his or her free and informed consent.
  11. The Election Commission of India and the State Election Commissions shall ensure
    that all polling stations are accessible to persons with disabilities and all materials related to
    the electoral process are easily understandable by and accessible to them.
  12. (1) The appropriate Government shall ensure that persons with disabilities are able
    to exercise the right to access any court, tribunal, authority, commission or any other body
    having judicial or quasi-judicial or investigative powers without discrimination on the basis
    of disability.
    (2) The appropriate Government shall take steps to put in place suitable support
    measures for persons with disabilities specially those living outside family and those disabled
    requiring high support for exercising legal rights.
    Home and family.
    Reproductive rights.
    Accessibility in voting.
    45 of 1860.
    53 of 2005.
    53 of 2005.
    Access to justice.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 7
    (3) The National Legal Services Authority and the State Legal Services Authorities
    constituted under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 shall make provisions including
    reasonable accommodation to ensure that persons with disabilities have access to any
    scheme, programme, facility or service offered by them equally with others.
    (4) The appropriate Government shall take steps to—
    (a) ensure that all their public documents are in accessible formats;
    (b) ensure that the filing departments, registry or any other office of records are
    supplied with necessary equipment to enable filing, storing and referring to the
    documents and evidence in accessible formats; and
    (c) make available all necessary facilities and equipment to facilitate recording
    of testimonies, arguments or opinion given by persons with disabilities in their preferred
    language and means of communication.
  13. (1) The appropriate Government shall ensure that the persons with disabilities
    have right, equally with others, to own or inherit property, movable or immovable, control
    their financial affairs and have access to bank loans, mortgages and other forms of financial
    credit.
    (2) The appropriate Government shall ensure that the persons with disabilities enjoy
    legal capacity on an equal basis with others in all aspects of life and have the right to equal
    recognition everywhere as any other person before the law.
    (3) When a conflict of interest arises between a person providing support and a
    person with disability in a particular financial, property or other economic transaction, then
    such supporting person shall abstain from providing support to the person with disability in
    that transaction:
    Provided that there shall not be a presumption of conflict of interest just on the basis
    that the supporting person is related to the person with disability by blood, affinity or
    adoption.
    (4) A person with disability may alter, modify or dismantle any support arrangement
    and seek the support of another:
    Provided that such alteration, modification or dismantling shall be prospective in
    nature and shall not nullify any third party transaction entered into by the person with
    disability with the aforesaid support arrangement.
    (5) Any person providing support to the person with disability shall not exercise
    undue influence and shall respect his or her autonomy, dignity and privacy.
  14. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in
    force, on and from the date of commencement of this Act, where a district court or any
    designated authority, as notified by the State Government, finds that a person with disability,
    who had been provided adequate and appropriate support but is unable to take legally
    binding decisions, may be provided further support of a limited guardian to take legally
    binding decisions on his behalf in consultation with such person, in such manner, as may be
    prescribed by the State Government:
    Provided that the District Court or the designated authority, as the case may be, may
    grant total support to the person with disability requiring such support or where the limited
    guardianship is to be granted repeatedly, in which case, the decision regarding the support
    to be provided shall be reviewed by the Court or the designated authority, as the case may
    be, to determine the nature and manner of support to be provided.
    Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-section, “limited guardianship” means a
    system of joint decision which operates on mutual understanding and trust between the guardian
    and the person with disability, which shall be limited to a specific period and for specific decision
    and situation and shall operate in accordance to the will of the person with disability.
    Legal capacity.
    39 of 1987.
    Provision for
    guardianship.
    8 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    (2) On and from the date of commencement of this Act, every guardian appointed
    under any provision of any other law for the time being in force, for a person with disability
    shall be deemed to function as a limited guardian.
    (3) Any person with disability aggrieved by the decision of the designated authority
    appointing a legal guardian may prefer an appeal to such appellate authority, as may be
    notified by the State Government for the purpose.
  15. (1) The appropriate Government shall designate one or more authorities to mobilise
    the community and create social awareness to support persons with disabilities in exercise of
    their legal capacity.
    (2) The authority designated under sub-section (1) shall take measures for setting up
    suitable support arrangements to exercise legal capacity by persons with disabilities living in
    institutions and those with high support needs and any other measures as may be required.
    CHAPTER III
    EDUCATION
  16. The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall endeavour that all
    educational institutions funded or recognised by them provide inclusive education to the
    children with disabilities and towards that end shall—
    (i) admit them without discrimination and provide education and opportunities
    for sports and recreation activities equally with others;
    (ii) make building, campus and various facilities accessible;
    (iii) provide reasonable accommodation according to the individual’s
    requirements;
    (iv) provide necessary support individualised or otherwise in environments that
    maximise academic and social development consistent with the goal of full inclusion;
    (v) ensure that the education to persons who are blind or deaf or both is imparted
    in the most appropriate languages and modes and means of communication;
    (vi) detect specific learning disabilities in children at the earliest and take suitable
    pedagogical and other measures to overcome them;
    (vii) monitor participation, progress in terms of attainment levels and completion
    of education in respect of every student with disability;
    (viii) provide transportation facilities to the children with disabilities and also
    the attendant of the children with disabilities having high support needs.
  17. The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall take the following
    measures for the purpose of section 16, namely:—
    (a) to conduct survey of school going children in every five years for identifying
    children with disabilities, ascertaining their special needs and the extent to which
    these are being met:
    Provided that the first survey shall be conducted within a period of two years
    from the date of commencement of this Act;
    (b) to establish adequate number of teacher training institutions;
    (c) to train and employ teachers, including teachers with disability who are
    qualified in sign language and Braille and also teachers who are trained in teaching
    children with intellectual disability;
    (d) to train professionals and staff to support inclusive education at all levels of
    school education;
    Designation of authorities to support.
    Duty of educational institutions.
    Specific measures to promote and
    facilitate inclusive education.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 9
    (e) to establish an adequate number of resource centres to support educational
    institutions at all levels of school education;
    (f) to promote the use of appropriate augmentative and alternative modes including
    means and formats of communication, Braille and sign language to supplement the use
    of one’s own speech to fulfil the daily communication needs of persons with speech,
    communication or language disabilities and enables them to participate and contribute
    to their community and society;
    (g) to provide books, other learning materials and appropriate assistive devices
    to students with benchmark disabilities free of cost up to the age of eighteen years;
    (h) to provide scholarships in appropriate cases to students with benchmark
    disability;
    (i) to make suitable modifications in the curriculum and examination system to
    meet the needs of students with disabilities such as extra time for completion of
    examination paper, facility of scribe or amanuensis, exemption from second and third
    language courses;
    (j) to promote research to improve learning; and
    (k) any other measures, as may be required.
  18. The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall take measures to
    promote, protect and ensure participation of persons with disabilities in adult education and
    continuing education programmes equally with others.
    CHAPTER IV
    SKILL DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT
  19. (1) The appropriate Government shall formulate schemes and programmes including
    provision of loans at concessional rates to facilitate and support employment of persons
    with disabilities especially for their vocational training and self-employment.
    (2) The schemes and programmes referred to in sub-section (1) shall provide for—
    (a) inclusion of person with disability in all mainstream formal and non-formal
    vocational and skill training schemes and programmes;
    (b) to ensure that a person with disability has adequate support and facilities to
    avail specific training;
    (c) exclusive skill training programmes for persons with disabilities with active
    links with the market, for those with developmental, intellectual, multiple disabilities
    and autism;
    (d) loans at concessional rates including that of microcredit;
    (e) marketing the products made by persons with disabilities; and
    (f ) maintenance of disaggregated data on the progress made in the skill training
    and self-employment, including persons with disabilities.
  20. (1) No Government establishment shall discriminate against any person with
    disability in any matter relating to employment:
    Provided that the appropriate Government may, having regard to the type of work
    carried on in any establishment, by notification and subject to such conditions, if any,
    exempt any establishment from the provisions of this section.
    (2) Every Government establishment shall provide reasonable accommodation and
    appropriate barrier free and conducive environment to employees with disability.
    (3) No promotion shall be denied to a person merely on the ground of disability.
    (4) No Government establishment shall dispense with or reduce in rank, an employee
    who acquires a disability during his or her service:
    Adult
    education.
    Vocational
    training and
    selfemployment.
    Nondiscrimination
    in
    employment.
    10 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    Provided that, if an employee after acquiring disability is not suitable for the post he
    was holding, shall be shifted to some other post with the same pay scale and service benefits:
    Provided further that if it is not possible to adjust the employee against any post, he
    may be kept on a supernumerary post until a suitable post is available or he attains the age
    of superannuation, whichever is earlier.
    (5) The appropriate Government may frame policies for posting and transfer of
    employees with disabilities.
  21. (1) Every establishment shall notify equal opportunity policy detailing measures
    proposed to be taken by it in pursuance of the provisions of this Chapter in the manner as
    may be prescribed by the Central Government.
    (2) Every establishment shall register a copy of the said policy with the Chief
    Commissioner or the State Commissioner, as the case may be.
  22. (1) Every establishment shall maintain records of the persons with disabilities in
    relation to the matter of employment, facilities provided and other necessary information in
    compliance with the provisions of this Chapter in such form and manner as may be prescribed
    by the Central Government.
    (2) Every employment exchange shall maintain records of persons with disabilities
    seeking employment.
    (3) The records maintained under sub-section (1) shall be open to inspection at all
    reasonable hours by such persons as may be authorised in their behalf by the appropriate
    Government.
  23. (1) Every Government establishment shall appoint a Grievance Redressal Officer
    for the purpose of section 19 and shall inform the Chief Commissioner or the State
    Commissioner, as the case may be, about the appointment of such officer.
    (2) Any person aggrieved with the non-compliance of the provisions of section 20,
    may file a complaint with the Grievance Redressal Officer, who shall investigate it and shall
    take up the matter with the establishment for corrective action.
    (3) The Grievance Redressal Officer shall maintain a register of complaints in the
    manner as may be prescribed by the Central Government, and every complaint shall be
    inquired within two weeks of its registration.
    (4) If the aggrieved person is not satisfied with the action taken on his or her complaint,
    he or she may approach the District-Level Committee on disability.
    CHAPTER V
    SOCIAL SECURITY, HEALTH, REHABILITATION AND RECREATION
  24. (1) The appropriate Government shall within the limit of its economic capacity and
    development formulate necessary schemes and programmes to safeguard and promote the
    right of persons with disabilities for adequate standard of living to enable them to live
    independently or in the community:
    Provided that the quantum of assistance to the persons with disabilities under such
    schemes and programmes shall be at least twenty-five per cent. higher than the similar
    schemes applicable to others.
    (2) The appropriate Government while devising these schemes and programmes shall
    give due consideration to the diversity of disability, gender, age, and socio-economic status.
    (3) The schemes under sub-section (1) shall provide for,—
    (a) community centres with good living conditions in terms of safety, sanitation,
    health care and counselling;
    (b) facilities for persons including children with disabilities who have no family
    or have been abandoned, or are without shelter or livelihood;
    (c) support during natural or man-made disasters and in areas of conflict;
    Equal
    opportunity
    policy.
    Maintenance
    of records.
    Appointment
    of Grievance
    Redressal
    Officer.
    Social security.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 11
    (d) support to women with disability for livelihood and for upbringing of their
    children;
    (e) access to safe drinking water and appropriate and accessible sanitation
    facilities especially in urban slums and rural areas;
    (f) provisions of aids and appliances, medicine and diagnostic services and
    corrective surgery free of cost to persons with disabilities with such income ceiling as
    may be notified;
    (g) disability pension to persons with disabilities subject to such income ceiling
    as may be notified;
    (h) unemployment allowance to persons with disabilities registered with Special
    Employment Exchange for more than two years and who could not be placed in any
    gainful occupation;
    (i) care-giver allowance to persons with disabilities with high support needs;
    (j) comprehensive insurance scheme for persons with disability, not covered
    under the Employees State Insurance Schemes, or any other statutory or Governmentsponsored insurance schemes;
    (k) any other matter which the appropriate Government may think fit.
  25. (1) The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall take necessary
    measures for the persons with disabilities to provide,—
    (a) free healthcare in the vicinity specially in rural area subject to such family
    income as may be notified;
    (b) barrier-free access in all parts of Government and private hospitals and other
    healthcare institutions and centres;
    (c) priority in attendance and treatment.
    (2) The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall take measures and
    make schemes or programmes to promote healthcare and prevent the occurrence of disabilities
    and for the said purpose shall—
    (a) undertake or cause to be undertaken surveys, investigations and research
    concerning the cause of occurrence of disabilities;
    (b) promote various methods for preventing disabilities;
    (c) screen all the children at least once in a year for the purpose of identifying
    “at-risk” cases;
    (d) provide facilities for training to the staff at the primary health centres;
    (e) sponsor or cause to be sponsored awareness campaigns and disseminate or
    cause to be disseminated information for general hygiene, health and sanitation;
    (f) take measures for pre-natal, perinatal and post-natal care of mother and child;
    (g) educate the public through the pre-schools, schools, primary health centres,
    village level workers and anganwadi workers;
    (h) create awareness amongst the masses through television, radio and other
    mass media on the causes of disabilities and the preventive measures to be adopted;
    (i) healthcare during the time of natural disasters and other situations of risk;
    (j) essential medical facilities for life saving emergency treatment and procedures;
    and
    (k) sexual and reproductive healthcare especially for women with disability.
  26. The appropriate Government shall, by notification, make insurance schemes for
    their employees with disabilities.
  27. (1) The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall within their economic
    capacity and development, undertake or cause to be undertaken services and programmes of
    Healthcare.
    Insurance
    schemes.
    Rehabilitation.
    12 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    rehabilitation, particularly in the areas of health, education and employment for all persons
    with disabilities.
    (2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), the appropriate Government and the local
    authorities may grant financial assistance to non-Governmental Organisations.
    (3) The appropriate Government and the local authorities, while formulating
    rehabilitation policies shall consult the non-Governmental Organisations working for the
    cause of persons with disabilities.
  28. The appropriate Government shall initiate or cause to be initiated research and
    development through individuals and institutions on issues which shall enhance habilitation
    and rehabilitation and on such other issues which are necessary for the empowerment of
    persons with disabilities.
  29. The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall take measures to promote
    and protect the rights of all persons with disabilities to have a cultural life and to participate
    in recreational activities equally with others which include,—
    (a) facilities, support and sponsorships to artists and writers with disability to
    pursue their interests and talents;
    (b) establishment of a disability history museum which chronicles and interprets
    the historical experiences of persons with disabilities;
    (c) making art accessible to persons with disabilities;
    (d) promoting recreation centres, and other associational activities;
    (e) facilitating participation in scouting, dancing, art classes, outdoor camps and
    adventure activities;
    (f) redesigning courses in cultural and arts subjects to enable participation and
    access for persons with disabilities;
    (g) developing technology, assistive devices and equipments to facilitate access
    and inclusion for persons with disabilities in recreational activities; and
    (h) ensuring that persons with hearing impairment can have access to television
    programmes with sign language interpretation or sub-titles.
  30. (1)The appropriate Government shall take measures to ensure effective participation
    in sporting activities of the persons with disabilities.
    (2) The sports authorities shall accord due recognition to the right of persons with
    disabilities to participate in sports and shall make due provisions for the inclusion of persons
    with disabilities in their schemes and programmes for the promotion and development of
    sporting talents.
    (3) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-sections (1) and (2), the
    appropriate Government and the sports authorities shall take measures to,—
    (a) restructure courses and programmes to ensure access, inclusion and
    participation of persons with disabilities in all sporting activities;
    (b) redesign and support infrastructure facilities of all sporting activities for
    persons with disabilities;
    (c) develop technology to enhance potential, talent, capacity and ability in
    sporting activities of all persons with disabilities;
    (d) provide multi-sensory essentials and features in all sporting activities to
    ensure effective participation of all persons with disabilities;
    (e) allocate funds for development of state of art sport facilities for training of
    persons with disabilities;
    (f ) promote and organise disability specific sporting events for persons with
    disabilities and also facilitate awards to the winners and other participants of such
    sporting events.
    Research and
    development.
    Culture and
    recreation.
    Sporting
    activities.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 13
    CHAPTER VI
    SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR PERSONS WITH BENCHMARK DISABIILITES
  31. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Rights of Children to Free and
    Compulsory Education Act, 2009, every child with benchmark disability between the age of
    six to eighteen years shall have the right to free education in a neighbourhood school, or in
    a special school, of his choice.
    (2) The appropriate Government and local authorities shall ensure that every child
    with benchmark disability has access to free education in an appropriate environment till he
    attains the age of eighteen years.
  32. (1) All Government institutions of higher education and other higher education
    institutions receiving aid from the Government shall reserve not less than five per cent. seats
    for persons with benchmark disabilities.
    (2) The persons with benchmark disabilities shall be given an upper age relaxation of
    five years for admission in institutions of higher education.
  33. The appropriate Government shall—
    (i) identify posts in the establishments which can be held by respective category
    of persons with benchmark disabilities in respect of the vacancies reserved in
    accordance with the provisions of section 34;
    (ii) constitute an expert committee with representation of persons with benchmark
    disabilities for identification of such posts; and
    (iii) undertake periodic review of the identified posts at an interval not exceeding
    three years.
  34. (1) Every appropriate Government shall appoint in every Government establishment,
    not less than four per cent. of the total number of vacancies in the cadre strength in each
    group of posts meant to be filled with persons with benchmark disabilities of which, one per
    cent. each shall be reserved for persons with benchmark disabilities under clauses (a), (b)
    and (c) and one per cent. for persons with benchmark disabilities under clauses (d) and (e),
    namely:—
    (a) blindness and low vision;
    (b) deaf and hard of hearing;
    (c) locomotor disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured, dwarfism, acid
    attack victims and muscular dystrophy;
    (d) autism, intellectual disability, specific learning disability and mental illness;
    (e) multiple disabilities from amongst persons under clauses (a) to (d) including
    deaf-blindness in the posts identified for each disabilities:
    Provided that the reservation in promotion shall be in accordance with such instructions
    as are issued by the appropriate Government from time to time:
    Provided further that the appropriate Government, in consultation with the Chief
    Commissioner or the State Commissioner, as the case may be, may, having regard to the type
    of work carried out in any Government establishment, by notification and subject to such
    conditions, if any, as may be specified in such notifications exempt any Government
    establishment from the provisions of this section.
    (2) Where in any recruitment year any vacancy cannot be filled up due to nonavailability of a suitable person with benchmark disability or for any other sufficient reasons,
    such vacancy shall be carried forward in the succeeding recruitment year and if in the
    succeeding recruitment year also suitable person with benchmark disability is not available,
    it may first be filled by interchange among the five categories and only when there is no
    person with disability available for the post in that year, the employer shall fill up the vacancy
    by appointment of a person, other than a person with disability:
    Free
    education for
    children with
    benchmark
    disabilities.
    Reservation
    in higher
    educational
    institutions.
    Identification
    of posts for
    reservation.
    Reservation.
    35 of 2009.
    14 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    Provided that if the nature of vacancies in an establishment is such that a given
    category of person cannot be employed, the vacancies may be interchanged among the five
    categories with the prior approval of the appropriate Government.
    (3) The appropriate Government may, by notification, provide for such relaxation of
    upper age limit for employment of persons with benchmark disability, as it thinks fit.
  35. The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall, within the limit of their
    economic capacity and development, provide incentives to employer in private sector to
    ensure that at least five per cent. of their work force is composed of persons with benchmark
    disability.
  36. The appropriate Government may, by notification, require that from such date, the
    employer in every establishment shall furnish such information or return as may be prescribed
    by the Central Government in relation to vacancies appointed for persons with benchmark
    disability that have occurred or are about to occur in that establishment to such special
    employment exchange as may be notified by the Central Government and the establishment
    shall thereupon comply with such requisition.
  37. The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall, by notification, make
    schemes in favour of persons with benchmark disabilities, to provide,—
    (a) five per cent. reservation in allotment of agricultural land and housing in all
    relevant schemes and development programmes, with appropriate priority to women
    with benchmark disabilities;
    (b) five per cent. reservation in all poverty alleviation and various developmental
    schemes with priority to women with benchmark disabilities;
    (c) five per cent. reservation in allotment of land on concessional rate, where
    such land is to be used for the purpose of promoting housing, shelter, setting up of
    occupation, business, enterprise, recreation centres and production centres.
    CHAPTER VII
    SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES WITH HIGH SUPPORT NEEDS
  38. (1) Any person with benchmark disability, who considers himself to be in need of
    high support, or any person or organisation on his or her behalf, may apply to an authority,
    to be notified by the appropriate Government, requesting to provide high support.
    (2) On receipt of an application under sub-section (1), the authority shall refer it to an
    Assessment Board consisting of such Members as may be prescribed by the Central
    Government.
    (3) The Assessment Board shall assess the case referred to it under sub-section (1) in
    such manner as may be prescribed by the Central Government, and shall send a report to the
    authority certifying the need of high support and its nature.
    (4) On receipt of a report under sub-section (3), the authority shall take steps to
    provide support in accordance with the report and subject to relevant schemes and orders of
    the appropriate Government in this behalf.
    CHAPTER VIII
    DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF APPROPRIATE GOVERNMENTS
  39. (1) The appropriate Government, in consultation with the Chief Commissioner or
    the State Commissioner, as the case may be, shall conduct, encourage, support or promote
    awareness campaigns and sensitisation programmes to ensure that the rights of the persons
    with disabilities provided under this Act are protected.
    (2) The programmes and campaigns specified under sub-section (1) shall also,—
    (a) promote values of inclusion, tolerance, empathy and respect for diversity;
    (b) advance recognition of the skills, merits and abilities of persons with
    disabilities and of their contributions to the workforce, labour market and professional
    fee;
    Incentives to
    employers in
    private sector.
    Special
    employment
    exchange.
    Special
    schemes and
    development
    programmes.
    Special
    provisions
    for persons
    with
    disabilities
    with high
    support.
    Awareness
    campaigns.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 15
    (c) foster respect for the decisions made by persons with disabilities on all
    matters related to family life, relationships, bearing and raising children;
    (d) provide orientation and sensitisation at the school, college, University and
    professional training level on the human condition of disability and the rights of
    persons with disabilities;
    (e) provide orientation and sensitisation on disabling conditions and rights of
    persons with disabilities to employers, administrators and co-workers;
    (f) ensure that the rights of persons with disabilities are included in the curriculum
    in Universities, colleges and schools.
  40. The Central Government shall, in consultation with the Chief Commissioner,
    formulate rules for persons with disabilities laying down the standards of accessibility for
    the physical environment, transportation, information and communications, including
    appropriate technologies and systems, and other facilities and services provided to the
    public in urban and rural areas.
  41. (1) The appropriate Government shall take suitable measures to provide,—
    (a) facilities for persons with disabilities at bus stops, railway stations and
    airports conforming to the accessibility standards relating to parking spaces, toilets,
    ticketing counters and ticketing machines;
    (b) access to all modes of transport that conform the design standards, including
    retrofitting old modes of transport, wherever technically feasible and safe for persons
    with disabilities, economically viable and without entailing major structural changes in
    design;
    (c) accessible roads to address mobility necessary for persons with disabilities.
    (2) The appropriate Government shall develop schemes programmes to promote the
    personal mobility of persons with disabilities at affordable cost to provide for,—
    (a) incentives and concessions;
    (b) retrofitting of vehicles; and
    (c) personal mobility assistance.
  42. The appropriate Government shall take measures to ensure that,—
    (i) all contents available in audio, print and electronic media are in accessible
    format;
    (ii) persons with disabilities have access to electronic media by providing audio
    description, sign language interpretation and close captioning;
    (iii) electronic goods and equipment which are meant for every day use are
    available in universal design.
  43. The appropriate Government shall take measures to promote development,
    production and distribution of universally designed consumer products and accessories for
    general use for persons with disabilities.
  44. (1) No establishment shall be granted permission to build any structure if the
    building plan does not adhere to the rules formulated by the Central Government under
    section 40.
    (2) No establishment shall be issued a certificate of completion or allowed to take
    occupation of a building unless it has adhered to the rules formulated by the Central
    Government.
  45. (1) All existing public buildings shall be made accessible in accordance with the
    rules formulated by the Central Government within a period not exceeding five years from the
    date of notification of such rules:
    Provided that the Central Government may grant extension of time to the States on a
    case to case basis for adherence to this provision depending on their state of preparedness
    and other related parameters.
    Accessibility.
    Access to
    transport.
    Access to
    information
    and
    communication
    technology.
    Consumer
    goods.
    Mandatory
    observance of
    accessibility
    norms.
    Time limit
    for making
    existing
    infrastructure
    and premises
    accessible and
    action for
    that purpose.
    16 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    (2) The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall formulate and publish
    an action plan based on prioritisation, for providing accessibility in all their buildings and
    spaces providing essential services such as all primary health centres, civil hospitals, schools,
    railway stations and bus stops.
  46. The service providers whether Government or private shall provide services in
    accordance with the rules on accessibility formulated by the Central Government under
    section 40 within a period of two years from the date of notification of such rules:
    Provided that the Central Government in consultation with the Chief Commissioner
    may grant extension of time for providing certain category of services in accordance with the
    said rules.
  47. (1) Without prejudice to any function and power of Rehabilitation Council of India
    constituted under the Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992, the appropriate Government
    shall endeavour to develop human resource for the purposes of this Act and to that end
    shall,—
    (a) mandate training on disability rights in all courses for the training of
    Panchayati Raj Members, legislators, administrators, police officials, judges and lawyers;
    (b) induct disability as a component for all education courses for schools, colleges
    and University teachers, doctors, nurses, para-medical personnel, social welfare officers,
    rural development officers, asha workers, anganwadi workers, engineers, architects,
    other professionals and community workers;
    (c) initiate capacity building programmes including training in independent living
    and community relationships for families, members of community and other stakeholders
    and care providers on care giving and support;
    (d) ensure independence training for persons with disabilities to build community
    relationships on mutual contribution and respect;
    (e) conduct training programmes for sports teachers with focus on sports, games,
    adventure activities;
    (f) any other capacity development measures as may be required.
    (2) All Universities shall promote teaching and research in disability studies including
    establishment of study centres for such studies.
    (3) In order to fulfil the obligation stated in sub-section (1), the appropriate Government
    shall in every five years undertake a need based analysis and formulate plans for the
    recruitment, induction, sensitisation, orientation and training of suitable personnel to
    undertake the various responsibilities under this Act.
  48. The appropriate Government shall undertake social audit of all general schemes
    and programmes involving the persons with disabilities to ensure that the scheme and
    programmes do not have an adverse impact upon the persons with disabilities and need the
    requirements and concerns of persons with disabilities.
    CHAPTER IX
    REGISTRATION OF INSTITUTIONS FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES AND GRANTS TO SUCH
    INSTITUTIONS
  49. The State Government shall appoint an authority as it deems fit to be a competent
    authority for the purposes of this Chapter.
  50. Save as otherwise provided under this Act, no person shall establish or maintain
    any institution for persons with disabilities except in accordance with a certificate of
    registration issued in this behalf by the competent authority:
    Provided that an institution for care of mentally ill persons, which holds a valid licence
    under section 8 of the Mental Health Act, 1987 or any other Act for the time being in force,
    shall not be required to be registered under this Act.
    Time limit
    for
    accessibility
    by service
    providers.
    Human
    resource
    development.
    Social audit.
    Competent
    authority.
    Registration.
    14 of 1987.
    34 of 1992.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 17
  51. (1) Every application for a certificate of registration shall be made to the competent
    authority in such form and in such manner as may be prescribed by the State Government.
    (2) On receipt of an application under sub-section (1), the competent authority shall
    make such enquiries as it may deem fit and on being satisfied that the applicant has complied
    with the requirements of this Act and the rules made thereunder, it shall grant a certificate of
    registration to the applicant within a period of ninety days of receipt of application and if not
    satisfied, the competent authority shall, by order, refuse to grant the certificate applied for:
    Provided that before making any order refusing to grant a certificate, the competent
    authority shall give the applicant a reasonable opportunity of being heard and every order of
    refusal to grant a certificate shall be communicated to the applicant in writing.
    (3) No certificate of registration shall be granted under sub-section (2) unless the
    institution with respect to which an application has been made is in a position to provide
    such facilities and meet such standards as may be prescribed by the State Government.
    (4) The certificate of registration granted under sub-section (2) ,—
    (a) shall, unless revoked under section 52 remain in force for such period as may
    be prescribed by the State Government;
    (b) may be renewed from time to time for a like period; and
    (c) shall be in such form and shall be subject to such conditions as may be
    prescribed by the State Government.
    (5) An application for renewal of a certificate of registration shall be made not less
    than sixty days before the expiry of the period of validity.
    (6) A copy of the certificate of registration shall be displayed by the institution in a
    conspicuous place.
    (7) Every application made under sub-section (1) or sub-section (5) shall be disposed
    of by the competent authority within such period as may be prescribed by the State
    Government.
  52. (1) The competent authority may, if it has reason to believe that the holder of a
    certificate of registration granted under sub-section (2) of section 51 has,—
    (a) made a statement in relation to any application for the issue or renewal of the
    certificate which is incorrect or false in material particulars; or
    (b) committed or has caused to be committed any breach of rules or any conditions
    subject to which the certificate was granted,
    it may, after making such inquiry, as it deems fit, by order, revoke the certificate:
    Provided that no such order shall be made until an opportunity is given to the holder
    of the certificate to show cause as to why the certificate of registration shall not be revoked.
    (2) Where a certificate of registration in respect of an institution has been revoked
    under sub-section (1), such institution shall cease to function from the date of such revocation:
    Provided that where an appeal lies under section 53 against the order of revocation,
    such institution shall cease to function,—
    (a) where no appeal has been preferred immediately on the expiry of the period
    prescribed for the filing of such appeal; or
    (b) where such appeal has been preferred, but the order of revocation has been
    upheld, from the date of the order of appeal.
    (3) On the revocation of a certificate of registration in respect of an institution, the
    competent authority may direct that any person with disability who is an inmate of such
    institution on the date of such revocation, shall be—
    (a) restored to the custody of his or her parent, spouse or lawful guardian, as the
    case may be; or
    Application
    and grant of
    certificate of
    registration.
    Revocation
    of
    registration.
    18 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    (b) transferred to any other institution specified by the competent authority.
    (4) Every institution which holds a certificate of registration which is revoked under
    this section shall, immediately after such revocation, surrender such certificate to the competent
    authority.
  53. (1) Any person aggrieved by the order of the competent authority refusing to grant
    a certificate of registration or revoking a certificate of registration may, within such period as
    may be prescribed by the State Government, prefer an appeal to such appellate authority, as
    may be notified by the State Government against such refusal or revocation.
    (2) The order of the appellate authority on such appeal shall be final.
  54. Nothing contained in this Chapter shall apply to an institution for persons with
    disabilities established or maintained by the Central Government or a State Government.
  55. The appropriate Government may within the limits of their economic capacity and
    development, grant financial assistance to registered institutions to provide services and to
    implement the schemes and programmes in pursuance of the provisions of this Act.
    CHAPTER X
    CERTIFICATION OF SPECIFIED DISABILITIES
  56. The Central Government shall notify guidelines for the purpose of assessing the
    extent of specified disability in a person.
  57. (1) The appropriate Government shall designate persons, having requisite
    qualifications and experience, as certifying authorities, who shall be competent to issue the
    certificate of disability.
    (2) The appropriate Government shall also notify the jurisdiction within which and the
    terms and conditions subject to which, the certifying authority shall perform its certification
    functions.
  58. (1) Any person with specified disability, may apply, in such manner as may be
    prescribed by the Central Government, to a certifying authority having jurisdiction, for
    issuing of a certificate of disability.
    (2) On receipt of an application under sub-section (1), the certifying authority shall
    assess the disability of the concerned person in accordance with relevant guidelines notified
    under section 56, and shall, after such assessment, as the case may be,—
    (a) issue a certificate of disability to such person, in such form as may be
    prescribed by the Central Government;
    (b) inform him in writing that he has no specified disability.
    (3) The certificate of disability issued under this section shall be valid across the
    country.
  59. (1) Any person aggrieved with decision of the certifying authority, may appeal
    against such decision, within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed by the
    State Government, to such appellate authority as the State Government may designate for
    the purpose.
    (2) On receipt of an appeal, the appellate authority shall decide the appeal in such
    manner as may be prescribed by the State Government.
    Appeal.
    Act not to
    apply to
    institutions
    established or
    maintained
    by Central or
    State
    Government.
    Assistance to
    registered
    institutions.
    Guidelines for
    assessment of
    specified
    disabilities.
    Designation
    of certifying
    authorities.
    Procedure for
    certification.
    Appeal against
    a decision of
    certifying
    authority.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 19
    CHAPTER XI
    CENTRAL AND STATE ADVISORY BOARDS ON DISABILITY AND DISTRICT LEVEL COMMITTEE
  60. (1) The Central Government shall, by notification, constitute a body to be known
    as the Central Advisory Board on Disability to exercise the powers conferred on, and to
    perform the functions assigned to it, under this Act.
    (2) The Central Advisory Board shall consist of,—
    (a) the Minister in charge of Department of Disability Affairs in the Central
    Government, Chairperson, ex officio;
    (b) the Minister of State in charge dealing with Department of Disability Affairs
    in the Ministry in the Central Government, Vice Chairperson, ex officio;
    (c) three Members of Parliament, of whom two shall be elected by Lok Sabha and
    one by the Rajya Sabha, Members, ex officio;
    (d) the Ministers in charge of Disability Affairs of all States and Administrators
    or Lieutenant Governors of the Union territories, Members, ex officio;
    (e) Secretaries to the Government of India in charge of the Ministries or
    Departments of Disability Affairs, Social Justice and Empowerment, School Education
    and Literacy, and Higher Education, Women and Child Development, Expenditure,
    Personnel and Training, Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances, Health and
    Family Welfare, Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Industrial Policy and Promotion,
    Urban Development, Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Science and Technology,
    Communications and Information Technology, Legal Affairs, Public Enterprises, Youth
    Affairs and Sports, Road Transport and Highways and Civil Aviation, Members,
    ex officio;
    (f) Secretary, National Institute of Transforming India (NITI) Aayog, Member,
    ex officio;
    (g) Chairperson, Rehabilitation Council of India, Member, ex officio;
    (h) Chairperson, National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral
    Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities, Member, ex officio;
    (i) Chairman-cum-Managing Director, National Handicapped Finance
    Development Corporation, Member, ex officio;
    (j) Chairman-cum-Managing Director, Artificial Limbs Manufacturing
    Corporation, Member, ex officio;
    (k) Chairman, Railway Board, Member, ex officio;
    (l) Director-General, Employment and Training, Ministry of Labour and
    Employment, Member, ex officio;
    (m) Director, National Council for Educational Research and Training, Member,
    ex officio;
    (n) Chairperson, National Council of Teacher Education, Member, ex officio;
    (o) Chairperson, University Grants Commission, Member, ex officio;
    (p) Chairperson, Medical Council of India, Member, ex officio;
    (q) Directors of the following Institutes:—
    (i) National Institute for the Visually Handicapped, Dehradun;
    (ii) National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped, Secundrabad;
    (iii) Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Institute for the Physically Handicapped,
    New Delhi;
    (iv) Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped,
    Mumbai;
    Constitution
    of Central
    Advisory
    Board on
    Disability.
    20 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    (v) National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped, Kolkata;
    (vi) National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research, Cuttack;
    (vii) National Institute for Empowerment of Persons with Multiple
    Disabilities, Chennai;
    (viii) National Institute for Mental Health and Sciences, Bangalore;
    (ix) Indian Sign Language Research and Training Centre, New Delhi,
    Members, ex officio;
    (r) Members to be nominated by the Central Government,—
    (i) five Members who are experts in the field of disability and rehabilitation;
    (ii) ten Members, as far as practicable, being persons with disabilities, to
    represent non-Governmental Organisations concerned with disabilities or
    disabled persons organisations:
    Provided that out of the ten Members nominated, at least, five Members
    shall be women and at least one person each shall be from the Scheduled Castes
    and the Scheduled Tribes;
    (iii) up to three representatives of national level chambers of commerce
    and industry;
    (s) Joint Secretary to the Government of India dealing with the subject of disability
    policy, Member-Secretary, ex officio.
  61. (1) Save as otherwise provided under this Act, a Member of the Central Advisory
    Board nominated under clause (r) of sub-section (2) of section 60 shall hold office for a term
    of three years from the date of his nomination:
    Provided that such a Member shall, notwithstanding the expiration of his term, continue
    to hold office until his successor enters upon his office.
    (2) The Central Government may, if it thinks fit, remove any Member nominated under
    clause (r) of sub-section (2) of section 60, before the expiry of his term of office after giving
    him a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the same.
    (3) A Member nominated under clause (r) of sub-section (2) of section 60 may at any
    time resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to the Central Government and the
    seat of the said Member shall thereupon becomes vacant.
    (4) A casual vacancy in the Central Advisory Board shall be filled by a fresh nomination
    and the person nominated to fill the vacancy shall hold office only for the remainder of the
    term for which the Member in whose place he was so nominated.
    (5) A Member nominated under sub-clause (i) or sub-clause (iii) of clause (r) of
    sub-section (2) of section 60 shall be eligible for renomination.
    (6) The Members nominated under sub-clause (i) and sub-clause (ii) of clause (r) of
    sub-section (2) of section 60 shall receive such allowances as may be prescribed by the
    Central Government.
  62. (1) No person shall be a Member of the Central Advisory Board, who —
    (a) is, or at any time has been, adjudged insolvent or has suspended payment of
    his debts or has compounded with his creditors, or
    (b) is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent court, or
    (c) is, or has been, convicted of an offence which, in the opinion of the Central
    Government, involves moral turpitude, or
    (d) is, or at any time has been, convicted of an offence under this Act, or
    (e) has so abused his position in the opinion of the Central Government as a
    Member so as to render his continuance in the office is prejudicial interests of the
    general public.
    (2) No order of removal shall be made by the Central Government under this section
    unless the Member concerned has been given a reasonable opportunity of showing cause
    against the same.
    Terms and
    conditions of
    Service of
    members.
    Disqualifications.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 21
    (3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or sub-section (5) of section
    61, a Member who has been removed under this section shall not be eligible for renomination
    as a Member.
  63. If a Member of the Central Advisory Board becomes subject to any of the
    disqualifications specified in section 62, his seat shall become vacant.
  64. The Central Advisory Board shall meet at least once in every six months and shall
    observe such rules of procedure in regard to the transaction of business at its meetings as
    may be prescribed.
  65. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Central Advisory Board on disability
    shall be the national-level consultative and advisory body on disability matters, and shall
    facilitate the continuous evolution of a comprehensive policy for the empowerment of persons
    with disabilities and the full enjoyment of rights.
    (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions,
    the Central Advisory Board on disability shall perform the following functions, namely:—
    (a) advise the Central Government and the State Governments on policies,
    programmes, legislation and projects with respect to disability;
    (b) develop a national policy to address issues concerning persons with
    disabilities;
    (c) review and coordinate the activities of all Departments of the Government
    and other Governmental and non-Governmental Organisations which are dealing with
    matters relating to persons with disabilities;
    (d) take up the cause of persons with disabilities with the concerned authorities
    and the international organisations with a view to provide for schemes and projects for
    the persons with disabilities in the national plans;
    (e) recommend steps to ensure accessibility, reasonable accommodation, nondiscrimination for persons with disabilities vis-à-vis information, services and the built
    environment and their participation in social life;
    (f) monitor and evaluate the impact of laws, policies and programmes to achieve
    full participation of persons with disabilities; and
    (g) such other functions as may be assigned from time to time by the Central
    Government.
  66. (1) Every State Government shall, by notification, constitute a body to be known
    as the State Advisory Board on disability to exercise the powers conferred on, and to perform
    the function assigned to it, under this Act.
    (2) The State Advisory Board shall consist of—
    (a) the Minister in charge of the Department in the State Government dealing
    with disability matters, Chairperson, ex officio;
    (b) the Minister of State or the Deputy Minister in charge of the Department in
    the State Government dealing with disability matters, if any, Vice-Chairperson, ex officio;
    (c) secretaries to the State Government in charge of the Departments of Disability
    Affairs, School Education, Literacy and Higher Education, Women and Child
    Development, Finance, Personnel and Training, Health and Family Welfare, Rural
    Development, Panchayati Raj, Industrial Policy and Promotion, Labour and Employment,
    Urban Development, Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Science and Technology,
    Information Technology, Public Enterprises, Youth Affairs and Sports, Road Transport
    and any other Department, which the State Government considers necessary, Members,
    ex officio;
    (d) three Members of the State Legislature of whom two shall be elected by the
    Legislative Assembly and one by the Legislative Council, if any, and where there is no
    Legislative Council, three Members shall be elected by the Legislative Assembly,
    Members, ex officio;
    Vacation of
    seats by
    Members.
    Meetings of
    the Central
    Advisory
    Board on
    disability.
    Functions of
    Central
    Advisory
    Board on
    disability.
    State
    Advisory
    Board on
    disability.
    22 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    (e) Members to be nominated by the State Government:—
    (i) five Members who are experts in the field of disability and rehabilitation;
    (ii) five Members to be nominated by the State Government by rotation to
    represent the districts in such manner as may be prescribed:
    Provided that no nomination under this sub-clause shall be made except
    on the recommendation of the district administration concerned;
    (iii) ten persons as far as practicable, being persons with disabilities, to
    represent non-Governmental Organisations or associations which are concerned
    with disabilities:
    Provided that out of the ten persons nominated under this clause, at least,
    five shall be women and at least one person each shall be from the Scheduled
    Castes and the Scheduled Tribes;
    (iv) not more than three representatives of the State Chamber of Commerce
    and Industry;
    (f) officer not below the rank of Joint Secretary in the Department dealing with
    disability matters in the State Government, Member-Secretary, ex officio.
  67. (1) Save as otherwise provided under this Act, a Member of the State Advisory
    Board nominated under clause (e) of sub-section (2) of section 66, shall hold office for a term
    of three years from the date of his nomination:
    Provided that such a Member shall, notwithstanding the expiration of his term, continue
    to hold office until his successor enters upon his office.
    (2) The State Government may, if it thinks fit, remove any Member nominated under
    clause (e) of sub-section (2) of section 66, before the expiry of his term of office after giving
    him a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the same.
    (3) A Member nominated under clause (e) of sub-section (2) of section 66 may at any
    time resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to the State Government and the
    seat of the said Member shall thereupon become vacant.
    (4) A casual vacancy in the State Advisory Board shall be filled by a fresh nomination
    and the person nominated to fill the vacancy shall hold office only for the remainder of the
    term for which the Member in whose place he was so nominated.
    (5) A Member nominated under sub-clause (i) or sub-clause (iii) of
    clause (e) of sub-section (2) of section 66 shall be eligible for renomination.
    (6) the Members nominated under sub-clause (i) and sub-clause (ii) of clause (e) of
    sub-section (2) of section 66 shall receive such allowances as may be prescribed by the State
    Government.
  68. (1) No person shall be a Member of the State Advisory Board, who—
    (a) is, or at any time has been, adjudged insolvent or has suspended payment of
    his debts or has compounded with his creditors, or
    (b) is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent court, or
    (c) is, or has been, convicted of an offence which, in the opinion of the State
    Government, involves moral turpitude, or
    (d) is, or at any time has been, convicted of an offence under this Act, or
    (e) has so abused in the opinion of the State Government his position as a
    Member as to render his continuance in the State Advisory Board detrimental to the
    interests of the general public.
    (2) No order of removal shall be made by the State Government under this section
    unless the Member concerned has been given a reasonable opportunity of showing cause
    against the same.
    Terms and
    conditions of
    service of
    Members.
    Disqualification.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 23
    (3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or sub-section (5) of section
    67, a Member who has been removed under this section shall not be eligible for renomination
    as a Member.
  69. If a Member of the State Advisory Board becomes subject to any of the
    disqualifications specified in section 68 his seat shall become vacant.
  70. The State Advisory Board shall meet at least once in every six months and shall
    observe such rules or procedure in regard to the transaction of business at its meetings as
    may be prescribed by the State Government.
  71. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the State Advisory Board shall be the
    State-level consultative and advisory body on disability matters, and shall facilitate the
    continuous evolution of a comprehensive policy for the empowerment of persons with
    disabilities and the full enjoyment of rights.
    (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions,
    the State Advisory Board on disability shall perform the following functions, namely:—
    (a) advise the State Government on policies, programmes, legislation and projects
    with respect to disability;
    (b) develop a State policy to address issues concerning persons with disabilities;
    (c) review and coordinate the activities of all Departments of the State Government
    and other Governmental and non-Governmental Organisations in the State which are
    dealing with matters relating to persons with disabilities;
    (d) take up the cause of persons with disabilities with the concerned authorities
    and the international organisations with a view to provide for schemes and projects for
    the persons with disabilities in the State plans;
    (e) recommend steps to ensure accessibility, reasonable accommodation, nondiscrimination for persons with disabilities, services and the built environment and
    their participation in social life on an equal basis with others;
    (f) monitor and evaluate the impact of laws, policies and programmes designed
    to achieve full participation of persons with disabilities; and
    (g) such other functions as may be assigned from time to time by the State
    Government.
  72. The State Government shall constitute District-level Committee on disability to
    perform such functions as may be prescribed by it.
  73. No act or proceeding of the Central Advisory Board on disability, a State Advisory
    Board on disability, or a District-level Committee on disability shall be called in question on
    the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy in or any defect in the constitution of
    such Board or Committee, as the case may be.
    CHAPTER XII
    CHIEF COMMISSIONER AND STATE COMMISSIONER FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
  74. (1) The Central Government may, by notification, appoint a Chief Commissioner for
    Persons with Disabilities (hereinafter referred to as the “Chief Commissioner”) for the purposes
    of this Act.
    (2) The Central Government may, by notification appoint two Commissioners to assist
    the Chief Commissioner, of which one Commissioner shall be a persons with disability.
    Vacation of
    seats.
    Meetings of
    State
    Advisory
    Board on
    disability.
    Functions of
    State
    Advisory
    Board on
    disability.
    District-level
    Committee
    on disability.
    Vacancies not
    to invalidate
    proceedings.
    Appointment
    of Chief
    Commissioner
    and
    Commissioners.
    24 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    Functions of
    Chief
    Commissioner.
    (3) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as the Chief Commissioner or
    Commissioner unless he has special knowledge or practical experience in respect of matters
    relating to rehabilitation.
    (4) The salary and allowances payable to and other terms and conditions of service
    (including pension, gratuity and other retirement benefits) of the Chief Commissioner and
    Commissioners shall be such as may be prescribed by the Central Government.
    (5) The Central Government shall determine the nature and categories of officers and
    other employees required to assist the Chief Commissioner in the discharge of his functions
    and provide the Chief Commissioner with such officers and other employees as it thinks fit.
    (6) The officers and employees provided to the Chief Commissioner shall discharge
    their functions under the general superintendence and control of the Chief Commissioner.
    (7) The salaries and allowances and other conditions of service of officers and employees
    shall be such as may be prescribed by the Central Government.
    (8) The Chief Commissioner shall be assisted by an advisory committee comprising of
    not more than eleven members drawn from the experts from different disabilities in such
    manner as may be prescribed by the Central Government.
  75. (1) The Chief Commissioner shall—
    (a) identify, suo motu or otherwise, the provisions of any law or policy, programme
    and procedures, which are inconsistent with this Act and recommend necessary
    corrective steps;
    (b) inquire, suo motu or otherwise, deprivation of rights of persons with disabilities
    and safeguards available to them in respect of matters for which the Central Government
    is the appropriate Government and take up the matter with appropriate authorities for
    corrective action;
    (c) review the safeguards provided by or under this Act or any other law for the
    time being in force for the protection of rights of persons with disabilities and recommend
    measures for their effective implementation;
    (d) review the factors that inhibit the enjoyment of rights of persons with
    disabilities and recommend appropriate remedial measures;
    (e) study treaties and other international instruments on the rights of persons
    with disabilities and make recommendations for their effective implementation;
    (f) undertake and promote research in the field of the rights of persons with
    disabilities;
    (g) promote awareness of the rights of persons with disabilities and the
    safeguards available for their protection;
    (h) monitor implementation of the provisions of this Act and schemes, programmes
    meant for persons with disabilities;
    (i) monitor utilisation of funds disbursed by the Central Government for the
    benefit of persons with disabilities; and
    (j) perform such other functions as the Central Government may assign.
    (2) The Chief Commissioner shall consult the Commissioners on any matter while
    discharging its functions under this Act.
  76. Whenever the Chief Commissioner makes a recommendation to an authority in
    pursuance of clause (b) of section 75, that authority shall take necessary action on it, and
    inform the Chief Commissioner of the action taken within three months from the date of
    receipt of the recommendation:
    Provided that where an authority does not accept a recommendation, it shall convey
    reasons for non-acceptance to the Chief Commissioner within a period of three months, and
    shall also inform the aggrieved person.
    Action of
    appropriate
    authorities on
    recommendation
    of Chief
    Commissioner.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 25
  77. (1) The Chief Commissioner shall, for the purpose of discharging his functions
    under this Act, have the same powers of a civil court as are vested in a court under the Code
    of Civil Procedure, 1908 while trying a suit, in respect of the following matters, namely:—
    (a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of witnesses;
    (b) requiring the discovery and production of any documents;
    (c) requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office;
    (d) receiving evidence on affidavits; and
    (e) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents.
    (2) Every proceeding before the Chief Commissioner shall be a judicial proceeding
    within the meaning of sections 193 and 228 of the Indian Penal Code and the Chief
    Commissioner shall be deemed to be a civil court for the purposes of section 195 and Chapter
    XXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
    78.(1) The Chief Commissioner shall submit an annual report to the Central Government
    and may at any time submit special reports on any matter, which, in his opinion, is of such
    urgency or importance that it shall not be deferred till submission of the annual report.
    (2) The Central Government shall cause the annual and the special reports of the
    Chief Commissioner to be laid before each House of Parliament, along with a memorandum of
    action taken or proposed to be taken on his recommendations and the reasons for nonacceptance the recommendations, if any.
    (3) The annual and special reports shall be prepared in such form, manner and contain
    such details as may be prescribed by the Central Government.
  78. (1) The State Government may, by notification, appoint a State Commissioner for
    Persons with Disabilities (hereinafter referred to as the “State Commissioner”) for the purposes
    of this Act.
    (2) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as the State Commissioner unless
    he has special knowledge or practical experience in respect of matters relating to rehabilitation.
    (3) The salary and allowances payable to and other terms and conditions of service
    (including pension, gratuity and other retirement benefits) of the State Commissioner shall
    be such as may be prescribed by the State Government.
    (4) The State Government shall determine the nature and categories of officers and
    other employees required to assist the State Commissioner in the discharge of his functions
    and provide the State Commissioner with such officers and other employees as it thinks fit.
    (5) The officers and employees provided to the State Commissioner shall discharge his
    functions under the general superintendence and control of the State Commissioner.
    (6) The salaries and allowances and other conditions of service of officers and employees
    shall be such as may be prescribed by the State Government.
    (7) The State Commissioner shall be assisted by an advisory committee comprising of
    not more than five members drawn from the experts in the disability sector in such manner as
    may be prescribed by the State Government.
  79. The State Commissioner shall—
    (a) identify, suo motu or otherwise, provision of any law or policy, programme
    and procedures, which are in consistent with this Act, and recommend necessary
    corrective steps;
    (b) inquire, suo motu or otherwise deprivation of rights of persons with disabilities
    and safeguards available to them in respect of matters for which the State Government
    is the appropriate Government and take up the matter with appropriate authorities for
    corrective action;
    Powers of
    Chief
    Commissioner.
    Annual and
    special
    reports by
    Chief
    Commissioner.
    Appointment
    of State
    Commissioner
    in States.
    Functions of
    State
    Commissioner.
    45 of 1860.
    2 of 1974.
    5 of 1908.
    26 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    (c) review the safeguards provided by or under this Act or any other law for the
    time being in force for the protection of rights of persons with disabilities and recommend
    measures for their effective implementation;
    (d) review the factors that inhibit the enjoyment of rights of persons with
    disabilities and recommend appropriate remedial measures;
    (e) undertake and promote research in the field of the rights of persons with
    disabilities;
    (f) promote awareness of the rights of persons with disabilities and the safeguards
    available for their protection;
    (g) monitor implementation of the provisions of this Act and schemes, programmes
    meant for persons with disabilities;
    (h) monitor utilisation of funds disbursed by the State Government for the benefits
    of persons with disabilities; and
    (i) perform such other functions as the State Government may assign.
  80. Whenever the State Commissioner makes a recommendation to an authority
    in pursuance of clause (b) of section 80, that authority shall take necessary action on it,
    and inform the State Commissioner of the action taken within three months from the
    date of receipt of the recommendation:
    Provided that where an authority does not accept a recommendation, it shall
    convey reasons for non-acceptance to the State Commissioner for Persons
    with Disabilities within the period of three months, and shall also inform the aggrieved
    person.
  81. (1) The State Commissioner shall, for the purpose of discharging their functions
    under this Act, have the same powers of a civil court as are vested in a court under the Code
    of Civil Procedure, 1908 while trying a suit, in respect of the following matters, namely:—
    (a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of witnesses;
    (b) requiring the discovery and production of any documents;
    (c) requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office;
    (d) receiving evidence on affidavits; and
    (e) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents.
    (2) Every proceeding before the State Commissioner shall be a judicial proceeding
    within the meaning of sections 193 and 228 of the Indian Penal Code and the State
    Commissioners shall be deemed to be a civil court for the purposes of section 195 and
    Chapter XXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
  82. (1) The State Commissioner shall submit an annual report to the State Government
    and may at any time submit special reports on any matter, which, in its opinion, is of such
    urgency or importance that it shall not be deferred till submission of the annual report.
    (2) The State Government shall cause the annual and the special reports of the State
    Commissioner for persons with disabilities to be laid before each House of State Legislature
    where it consists of two Houses or where such Legislature consist of one House, before that
    House along with a memorandum of action taken or proposed to be taken on the
    recommendation of the State Commissioner and the reasons for non-acceptance the
    recommendations, if any.
    (3) The annual and special reports shall be prepared in such form, manner and contain
    such details as may be prescribed by the State Government.
    5 of 1908.
    Annual and
    special
    reports by
    State
    Commissioner.
    Action by
    appropriate
    authorities on
    recommendation
    of State
    Commissioner.
    Powers of
    State
    Commissioner.
    45 of 1860.
    2 of 1974.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 27
    CHAPTER XIII
    SPECIAL COURT
  83. For the purpose of providing speedy trial, the State Government shall, with the
    concurrence of the Chief Justice of the High Court, by notification, specify for each district,
    a Court of Session to be a Special Court to try the offences under this Act.
  84. (1) For every Special Court, the State Government may, by notification, specify
    a Public Prosecutor or appoint an advocate, who has been in practice as an advocate for not
    less than seven years, as a Special Public Prosecutor for the purpose of conducting cases
    in that Court.
    (2) The Special Public Prosecutor appointed under sub-section (1) shall be entitled
    to receive such fees or remuneration as may be prescribed by the State Government.
    CHAPTER XIV
    NATIONAL FUND FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
  85. (1) There shall be constituted a Fund to be called the National Fund for persons
    with disabilities and there shall be credited thereto—
    (a) all sums available under the Fund for people with disabilities, constituted
    vide notification No. S.O. 573 (E), dated the 11th August, 1983 and the Trust Fund for
    Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, constituted vide notification No. 30-03/
    2004-DDII, dated the 21st November, 2006, under the Charitable Endowment
    Act, 1890.
    (b) all sums payable by banks, corporations, financial institutions in pursuance
    of judgment dated the 16th April, 2004 of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in Civil Appeal
    Nos. 4655 and 5218 of 2000;
    (c) all sums received by way of grant, gifts, donations, benefactions, bequests
    or transfers;
    (d) all sums received from the Central Government including grants-in-aid;
    (e) all sums from such other sources as may be decided by the Central
    Government.
    (2) The Fund for persons with disabilities shall be utilised and managed in such
    manner as may be prescribed.
  86. (1) The Central Government shall maintain proper accounts and other relevant
    records and prepare an annual statement of accounts of the Fund including the income and
    expenditure accounts in such form as may be prescribed in consultation with the Comptroller
    and Auditor-General of India.
    (2) The accounts of the Fund shall be audited by the Comptroller and Auditor-General
    of India at such intervals as may be specified by him and any expenditure incurred by him
    in connection with such audit shall be payable from the Fund to the Comptroller and AuditorGeneral of India.
    (3) The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India and any other person appointed
    by him in connection with the audit of the accounts of the Fund shall have the same rights,
    privileges and authority in connection with such audit as the Comptroller and AuditorGeneral of India generally has in connection with the audit of the Government accounts,
    and in particular, shall have the right to demand production of books of account, connected
    vouchers and other documents and papers and to inspect any of the offices of the Fund.
    (4) The accounts of the Fund as certified by the Comptroller and Auditor-General
    of India or any other person appointed by him in this behalf, together with the audit report
    thereon, shall be laid before each House of Parliament by the Central Government.
    Special Court.
    Special Public
    Prosecutor.
    National Fund
    for persons
    with
    disabilities.
    6 of 1890.
    Accounts and
    audit.
    28 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    CHAPTER XV
    STATE FUND FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
  87. (1) There shall be constituted a Fund to be called the State Fund for persons with
    disabilities by a State Government in such manner as may be prescribed by the State
    Government.
    (2) The State Fund for persons with disabilities shall be utilised and managed in such
    manner as may be prescribed by the State Government.
    (3) Every State Government shall maintain proper accounts and other relevant records
    of the State Fund for persons with disabilities including the income and expenditure accounts
    in such form as may be prescribed by the State Government in consultation with the
    Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
    (4) The accounts of the State Fund for persons with disabilities shall be audited by the
    Comptroller and Auditor-General of India at such intervals as may be specified by him and
    any expenditure incurred by him in connection with such audit shall be payable from the
    State Fund to the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
    (5) The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India and any person appointed by him
    in connection with the audit of the accounts of the State Fund for persons with disabilities
    shall have the same rights, privileges and authority in connection with such audit as the
    Comptroller and Auditor-General of India generally has in connection with the audit of the
    Government accounts, and in particular, shall have right to demand production of books of
    accounts, connected vouchers and other documents and papers and to inspect any of the
    offices of the State Fund.
    (6) The accounts of the State Fund for persons with disabilites as certified by the
    Comptroller and Auditor-General of India or any other person appointed by him in this behalf
    together with the audit report thereon shall be laid before each House of the State Legislature
    where it consists of two Houses or where such Legislature consists of one House before that
    House.
    CHAPTER XVI
    OFFENCES AND PENALTIES
  88. Any person who contravenes any of the provisions of this Act, or of any rule made
    thereunder shall for first contravention be punishable with fine which may extend to ten
    thounsand rupees and for any subsequent contravention with fine which shall not be less
    than fifty thousand rupees but which may extend to five lakh rupees.
  89. (1) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company, every
    person who at the time the offence was committed, was in charge of, and was responsible to,
    the company for the conduct of the business of the company, as well as the company, shall
    be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and
    punished accordingly:
    Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person
    liable to any punishment provided in this Act, if he proves that the offence was committed
    without his knowledge or that he had exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission
    of such offence.
    (2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an offence under
    this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been
    committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part
    of any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager,
    secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be
    liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
    State Fund for
    persons with
    disabilities.
    Punishment for
    contravention
    of provisions
    of Act or rules
    or regulations
    made
    thereunder.
    Offences by
    companies.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 29
    Explanation.—For the purposes of this section,—
    (a) “company” means any body corporate and includes a firm or other association
    of individuals; and
    (b) “director”, in relation to a firm, means a partner in the firm.
  90. Whoever, fraudulently avails or attempts to avail any benefit meant for persons
    with benchmark disabilities, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may
    extend to two years or with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees or with both.
  91. Whoever,—
    (a) intentionally insults or intimidates with intent to humiliate a person with
    disability in any place within public view;
    (b) assaults or uses force to any person with disability with intent to dishonour
    him or outrage the modesty of a woman with disability;
    (c) having the actual charge or control over a person with disability voluntarily
    or knowingly denies food or fluids to him or her;
    (d) being in a position to dominate the will of a child or woman with disability and
    uses that position to exploit her sexually;
    (e) voluntarily injures, damages or interferes with the use of any limb or sense or
    any supporting device of a person with disability;
    (f) performs, conducts or directs any medical procedure to be performed on a
    woman with disability which leads to or is likely to lead to termination of pregnancy
    without her express consent except in cases where medical procedure for termination
    of pregnancy is done in severe cases of disability and with the opinion of a registered
    medical practitioner and also with the consent of the guardian of the woman with
    disability,
    shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but
    which may extend to five years and with fine.
  92. Whoever, fails to produce any book, account or other documents or to furnish any
    statement, information or particulars which, under this Act or any order, or direction made or
    given thereunder, is duty bound to produce or furnish or to answer any question put in
    pursuance of the provisions of this Act or of any order, or direction made or given thereunder,
    shall be punishable with fine which may extend to twenty-five thousand rupees in respect of
    each offence, and in case of continued failure or refusal, with further fine which may extend
    to one thousand rupees for each day, of continued failure or refusal after the date of original
    order imposing punishment of fine.
  93. No Court shall take cognizance of an offence alleged to have been committed by an
    employee of the appropriate Government under this Chapter, except with the previous sanction
    of the appropriate Government or a complaint is filed by an officer authorised by it in this
    behalf.
  94. Where an act or omission constitutes an offence punishable under this Act and
    also under any other Central or State Act, then, notwithstanding anything contained in any
    other law for the time being in force, the offender found guilty of such offence shall be liable
    to punishment only under such Act as provides for punishment which is greater in degree.
    Punishment for
    fraudulently
    availing any
    benefit meant
    for persons
    with benchmark
    disabilities.
    Punishment
    for offences
    of atrocities.
    Punishment
    for failure to
    furnish
    information.
    Previous
    sanction of
    appropriate
    Government.
    Alternative
    punishments.
    30 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    CHAPTER XVII
    MISCELLANEOUS
  95. The provisions of this Act shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, the
    provisions of any other law for the time being in force.
  96. No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against the appropriate
    Government or any officer of the appropriate Government or any officer or employee of the
    Chief Commissioner or the State Commissioner for anything which is in good faith done or
    intended to be done under this Act or the rules made thereunder.
  97. (1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Central
    Government may, by order, published in the Official Gazette, make such provisions or give
    such directions, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as may appear to it to be
    necessary or expedient for removing the difficulty:
    Provided that no such order shall be made under this section after the expiry of the
    period of two years from the date of commencement of this Act.
    (2) Every order made under this section shall be laid as soon as may be, after it is made,
    before each House of Parliament.
  98. (1) On the recommendations made by the appropriate Government or otherwise, if
    the Central Government is satisfied that it is necessary or expedient so to do, it may, by
    notification, amend the Schedule and any such notification being issued, the Schedule shall
    be deemed to have been amended accordingly.
    (2) Every such notification shall, as soon as possible after it is issued, shall be laid
    before each House of Parliament.
  99. (1) The Central Government may, subject to the condition of previous publication,
    by notification, make rules for carrying out the provisions of this Act.
    (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such
    rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:—
    (a) the manner of constituting the Committee for Research on Disability under
    sub-section (2) of section 6;
    (b) the manner of notifying the equal opportunity policy under sub-section (1)
    of section 21;
    (c) the form and manner of maintaining records by every establishment under
    sub-section (1) of section 22;
    (d) the manner of maintenance of register of complaints by grievance redressal
    officer under sub-section (3) of section 23;
    (e) the manner of furnishing information and return by establishment to the
    Special Employment Exchange under section 36;
    (f) the composition of the Assessment Board under sub-section (2) and manner
    of assessment to be made by the Assessment Board under sub-section (3) of
    section 38;
    (g) rules for person with disabilites laying down the standards of accessibility
    under section 40;
    (h) the manner of application for issuance of certificate of disability under
    sub-section (1) and form of certificate of disability under sub-section (2) of section 58;
    (i) the allowances to be paid to nominated Members of the Central Advisory
    Board under sub-section (6) of section 61;
    (j) the rules of procedure for transaction of business in the meetings of the
    Central Advisory Board under section 64;
    Application
    of other laws
    not barred.
    Protection of
    action taken
    in good faith.
    Power to
    remove
    difficulties.
    Power to
    amend
    Schedule.
    Power of
    Central
    Government
    to make
    rules.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 31
    (k) the salaries and allowances and other conditions of services of
    Chief Commissioner and Commissioners under sub-section (4) of section 74;
    (l) the salaries and allowances and conditions of services of officers and staff of
    the Chief Commissioner under sub-section (7) of section 74;
    (m) the composition and manner of appointment of experts in the advisory
    committee under sub-section (8) of section 74;
    (n) the form, manner and content of annual report to be prepared and submitted
    by the Chief Commissioner under sub-section (3) of section 78;
    (o) the procedure, manner of utilisation and management of the Fund under
    sub-section (2) of section 86; and
    (p) the form for preparation of accounts of Fund under sub-section (1) of
    section 87.
    (3) Every rule made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made,
    before each House of Parliament while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which
    may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the
    expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid,
    both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule
    should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of
    no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be
    without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.
  100. (1) The State Government may, subject to the condition of previous publication,
    by notification, make rules for carrying out the provisions of this Act, not later than
    six months from the date of commencement of this Act.
    (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of foregoing powers, such
    rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:—
    (a) the manner of constituting the Committee for Research on Disablity under
    sub-section (2) of section 5;
    (b) the manner of providing support of a limited guardian under sub-section (1)
    of section 14;
    (c) the form and manner of making an application for certificate of registration
    under sub-section (1) of section 51;
    (d) the facilities to be provided and standards to be met by institutions for grant
    of certificate of registration under sub-section (3) of section 51;
    (e) the validity of certificate of registration, the form of, and conditions attached
    to, certificate of registration under sub-section (4) of section 51;
    (f) the period of disposal of application for certificate of registration under
    sub-section (7) of section 51;
    (g) the period within which an appeal to be made under sub-section (1) of
    section 53;
    (h) the time and manner of appealing against the order of certifying authority
    under sub-section (1) and manner of disposal of such appeal under sub-section (2) of
    section 59;
    (i) the allowances to be paid to nominated Members of the State Advisory Board
    under sub-section (6) of section 67;
    (j) the rules of procedure for transaction of business in the meetings of the State
    Advisory Board under section 70;
    (k) the composition and functions of District Level Committee under section 72;
    Power of State
    Government
    to make rules.
    32 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    (l) salaries, allowances and other conditions of services of the State Commissioner
    under sub-section (3) of section 79;
    (m) the salaries, allowances and conditions of services of officers and staff of
    the State Commissioner under sub-section (3) of section 79;
    (n) the composition and manner of appointment of experts in the advisory
    committee under sub-section (7) of section 79;
    (o) the form, manner and content of annual and special reports to be prepared
    and submitted by the State Commissioner under sub-section (3) of section 83;
    (p) the fee or remuneration to be paid to the Special Public Prosecutor under
    sub-section (2) of section 85;
    (q) the manner of constitution of State Fund for persons with disabilities under
    sub-section (1), and the manner of utilisation and management of State Fund under
    sub-section (2) of section 88;
    (r) the form for preparation of accounts of the State Fund for persons with
    disabilities under sub-section (3) of section 88.
    (3) Every rule made by the State Government under this Act shall be laid, as soon as
    may be after it is made, before each House of the State Legislature where it consists of two
    Houses, or where such State Legislature consists of one House, before that House.
  101. (1) The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunity Protection of Rights and
    Full Participation) Act, 1995 is hereby repealed.
    (2) Notwithstanding the repeal of the said Act, anything done or any action taken
    under the said Act, shall be deemed to have been done or taken under the corresponding
    provisions of this Act.
    Repeal and
    savings.
    1 of 1996.
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 33
    THE SCHEDULE
    [See clause (zc) of section 2]SPECIFIED DISABILITY
  102. Physical disability.—
    A. Locomotor disability (a person’s inability to execute distinctive activities
    associated with movement of self and objects resulting from affliction of musculoskeletal
    or nervous system or both), including—
    (a) “leprosy cured person” means a person who has been cured of leprosy
    but is suffering from—
    (i) loss of sensation in hands or feet as well as loss of sensation and
    paresis in the eye and eye-lid but with no manifest deformity;
    (ii) manifest deformity and paresis but having sufficient mobility in
    their hands and feet to enable them to engage in normal economic activity;
    (iii) extreme physical deformity as well as advanced age which
    prevents him/her from undertaking any gainful occupation, and the
    expression “leprosy cured” shall construed accordingly;
    (b) “cerebral palsy” means a Group of non-progressive neurological
    condition affecting body movements and muscle coordination, caused by damage
    to one or more specific areas of the brain, usually occurring before, during or
    shortly after birth;
    (c) “dwarfism” means a medical or genetic condition resulting in an adult
    height of 4 feet 10 inches (147 centimeters) or less;
    (d) “muscular dystrophy” means a group of hereditary genetic muscle
    disease that weakens the muscles that move the human body and persons with
    multiple dystrophy have incorrect and missing information in their genes, which
    prevents them from making the proteins they need for healthy muscles. It is
    characterised by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscle
    proteins, and the death of muscle cells and tissue;
    (e) “acid attack victims” means a person disfigured due to violent assaults
    by throwing of acid or similar corrosive substance.
    B. Visual impairment—
    (a) “blindness” means a condition where a person has any of the following
    conditions, after best correction—
    (i) total absence of sight; or
    (ii) visual acuity less than 3/60 or less than 10/200 (Snellen) in the
    better eye with best possible correction; or
    (iii) limitation of the field of vision subtending an angle of less than
    10 degree.
    (b) “low-vision” means a condition where a person has any of the following
    conditons, namely:—
    (i) visual acuity not exceeding 6/18 or less than 20/60 upto 3/60 or
    upto 10/200 (Snellen) in the better eye with best possible corrections; or
    34 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY [PART II—
    (ii) limitation of the field of vision subtending an angle of less than
    40 degree up to 10 degree.
    C. Hearing impairment—
    (a) “deaf” means persons having 70 DB hearing loss in speech frequencies
    in both ears;
    (b) “hard of hearing” means person having 60 DB to 70 DB hearing loss in
    speech frequencies in both ears;
    D. “speech and language disability” means a permanent disability arising out of
    conditions such as laryngectomy or aphasia affecting one or more components of
    speech and language due to organic or neurological causes.
  103. Intellectual disability, a condition characterised by significant limitation both in
    intellectual functioning (rasoning, learning, problem solving) and in adaptive behaviour
    which covers a range of every day, social and practical skills, including—
    (a) “specific learning disabilities” means a heterogeneous group of conditions
    wherein there is a deficit in processing language, spoken or written, that may manifest
    itself as a difficulty to comprehend, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical
    calculations and includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, dyslexia,
    dysgraphia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia and developmental aphasia;
    (b) “autism spectrum disorder” means a neuro-developmental condition typically
    appearing in the first three years of life that significantly affects a person’s ability to
    communicate, understand relationships and relate to others, and is frequently associated
    with unusal or stereotypical rituals or behaviours.
  104. Mental behaviour,—
    “mental illness” means a substantial disorder of thinking, mood, perception,
    orientation or memory that grossly impairs judgment, behaviour, capacity to recognise
    reality or ability to meet the ordinary demands of life, but does not include retardation
    which is a conditon of arrested or incomplete development of mind of a person, specially
    characterised by subnormality of intelligence.
  105. Disability caused due to—
    (a) chronic neurological conditions, such as—
    (i) “multiple sclerosis” means an inflammatory, nervous system disease in
    which the myelin sheaths around the axons of nerve cells of the brain and spinal
    cord are damaged, leading to demyelination and affecting the ability of nerve
    cells in the brain and spinal cord to communicate with each other;
    (ii) “parkinson’s disease” means a progressive disease of the nervous
    system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, chiefly
    affecting middle-aged and elderly people associated with degeneration of the
    basal ganglia of the brain and a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine.
    (b) Blood disorder—
    (i) “haemophilia” means an inheritable disease, usually affecting only
    male but transmitted by women to their male children, characterised by loss or
    impairment of the normal clotting ability of blood so that a minor would may
    result in fatal bleeding;
    (ii) “thalassemia” means a group of inherited disorders characterised by
    reduced or absent amounts of haemoglobin.
    (iii) “sickle cell disease” means a hemolytic disorder characterised by
    chronic anemia, painful events, and various complications due to associated
    SEC. 1] THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY 35
    tissue and organ damage; “hemolytic” refers to the destruction of the cell
    membrane of red blood cells resulting in the release of hemoglobin.
  106. Multiple Disabilities (more than one of the above specified disabilities) including
    deaf blindness which means a condition in which a person may have combination of
    hearing and visual impairments causing severe communication, developmental, and
    educational problems.
  107. Any other category as may be notified by the Central Government.
    ————
    DR. G. NARAYANA RAJU,
    Secretary to the Govt. of India.
    UPLOADED BY THE GENERAL MANAGER, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA PRESS, MINTO ROAD, NEW DELHI–110002
    AND PUBLISHED BY THE CONTROLLER OF PUBLICATIONS, DELHI–110054.
    GMGIPMRND—4011GI(S3)—28-12-2016.

Newsletter 2017

       Dear friends and well-wishers, Hearty greetings from Jyothirgamaya!

                   Welcome to the news letter of Jyothirgamaya of 2017

                     

Dear friends and well-wishers of Jyothirgamaya!, It gives me immense pleasure, to bring to your light, the newsletter of Jyothirgamaya, which will fill you in about all our recent activities!

With all your support and good wishes, Jyothirgamaya continues to climb higher and higher up the ladder of success!

Access Technology Camp

Jyothirgamaya successfully completes its second access technology empowerment camp. There was three batches and camp lasted thirty days.

Group Picture of Participants of campThe students were taken into the depths of access technology, covering basic and advanced computer concepts, and also the use of android, and the different apps and their accessibility.The students were also provided intense training in communicative English, interpersonal skills,and orientation and mobility.We thank each and every one who made this camp a great success!

During The month of May, our founder Tiffany Brar crossed the seven seas, and went for a job shadowing to views international, an organization working for the mobilization and betterment of visually impaired youths in Belgium. The Job shadowing programme took place under the Erasmus plus strength through solidarity programme for change makers from across the globe. Strength through solidarity, as the name suggests, is a programme, providing skill development, encouragement, and an inner zest to make change among social entrepreneurs from across the globe.

During The month of May, our founder Tiffany Brar crossed the seven seas, and went for a job shadowing to views international, an organization working for the mobilization and betterment of visually impaired youths in Belgium. The Job shadowing programme took place under the Erasmus plus strength through solidarity programme for change makers from across the globe. Strength through solidarity, as the name suggests, is a programme, providing skill development, encouragement, and an inner zest to make change among social entrepreneurs from across the globe.

 

During her time in Belgium, Tiffany found an array of opportunities.

 

Visit to La Lumière association for the blind